a.1.Pertaining to Adonis; Adonic.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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The meter Dobson uses, though an eight-line rather than four-line stanza, plainly recalls the Sapphic stanza of the Odes by echoing the length and rhythm of its short last line in the short third and sixth line: "Commodious villas" is a good English stressed equivalent of that adonean line, terruit urbem (Odes 1.2.4).
In this poem Calverley, who was a considerable classical scholar and a master of meter in Latin, Greek, and English verse, and who had earlier published translations of a number of Horace's Odes, (25) matches Dobson in adopting a meter that recalls Horace's Sapphic stanza, this time in Horatian quatrains with a short last line again close to the adonean. The topic is Horatian, too: the man of contentment whom mishaps do not disturb is a comic version of the indifference of the Stoic sage to external disaster famously promoted in Odes 1.22 (integer vitae scelerisque purus) and 3.3 (iustum et tenacem propositi virum).
The first three lines of the strophe are sapphic hendecasyllables, and the fourth is an adonean (scanned as - U U - - ).