adrenal gland

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Related to Adrenal gland disorders: Addison's disease, Pancreas disorders
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adrenal gland
top: cross section of a right adrenal gland
bottom: placement of adrenal glands relative to kidneys

adrenal gland

n.
Either of two small, dissimilarly shaped endocrine glands, one located above each kidney, consisting of the cortex, which secretes several steroid hormones, and the medulla, which secretes epinephrine. Also called suprarenal gland.

adrenal gland

n
(Anatomy) an endocrine gland at the anterior end of each kidney. Its medulla secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline and its cortex secretes several steroid hormones. Also called: suprarenal gland

adre′nal gland`


n.
one of a pair of ductless glands, located above the kidneys, consisting of a cortex, which produces steroidal hormones, and a medulla, which produces epinephrine and norepinephrine.
[1870–75]
click for a larger image
adrenal gland
top: cross section of an adrenal gland
bottom: position of adrenal glands relative to kidneys

ad·re·nal gland

(ə-drē′nəl)
Either of two endocrine glands, one located above each kidney, that produce several important hormones. ♦ The outer part of the adrenal gland, called the adrenal cortex, produces steroid hormones. ♦ The inner part of the adrenal gland, called the adrenal medulla, produces epinephrine.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adrenal gland - either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidneyadrenal gland - either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
kidney - either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine; "urine passes out of the kidney through ureters to the bladder"
adrenal cortex - the cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes corticosterone and sex hormones
adrenal medulla - the medulla of the adrenal gland; secretes epinephrine
References in periodicals archive ?
The excerpts and short articles appear in sections on endocrine functioning and metabolism, the pituitary gland and growth disorders, thyroid and parathyroid gland disorders, adrenal gland disorders, pancreatic and diabetic disorders, disorders of the ovaries and testes, other disorders of endocrine and metabolic functioning, and additional help and information.
For this purpose, we included 20 subjects with Cushing's syndrome and 170 age-, gender-and BMI-matched individuals without adrenal gland disorders as control subjects.
Fifty-eight chapters cover pathogenesis, evaluation, and therapeutic operations for prevention and treatment of a range of hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal gland disorders, including diabetes, growth hormone deficiency, dysmetabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, and obesity.