Adustion

A`dus´tion


n.1.The act of burning, or heating to dryness; the state of being thus heated or dried.
2.(Surg.) Cauterization.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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Any melancholy which arises from adustion, harms the wisdom and the judgment, because when that humor is kindled and burns, it characteristically makes people excited and frenzied, which melancholy the Greeks call mania and we madness.
He does so by means of an allegory borrowed from Cesare Ripa's Iconologia (1611): 'She has curly, loose, black hair for the continuous disordered and vague thoughts of the imitation of art, of nature, and the imagination, in all visible effects: efficient cause of much melancholy, which generates adustion, as physicians say.' (55)
That is, Huarte presents on the one hand a natural kind of melancholy that annuls genius and entails poor imagination given its coldness, and, on the other, melancholy adust or choler adust, which he identifies as the carrier of exceptional attitudes responsible for the ideal combination of great understanding and much imagination: 'melancholy by adustion hath this variety of temperature, namely, cold and dry for the understanding, and heat for the imagination' (188).
adustion [or burning] of the blood" was itself associated with
caused by adustion of the blood"); homophonic "soots" and