Pope Leo XIII's 1879 encyclical, Aeterni Patris
, On the Restoration of Christian Philosophy, had an enormous impact on Catholic education.
The author of Rerum Novarum was also the author of Aeterni Patris
, so it is no surprise that Leo's treatment of property follows much of that of Aquinas.
Franz Erhle, commenting at length on Aeterni Patris
in Stimmen aus Maria Laach immediately after its promulgation [in 1879, in the midst of the Kulturkampf], related it to Die Restauration der christlichen philosophie.
This centered on the encyclical Aeterni Patris
(1879) in which Leo sought to restore the philosophical theology of Thomas Aquinas to the very center of Catholic intellectual discourse.
Termina con el contexto teologico del Concilio Vaticano I y de la Enciclica Aeterni Patris
Desde el punto de vista catolico, hay un hecho significativo: el Papa Leon XIII--a juicio del autor de este articulo--es quizas el intelectual mas importante de la Iglesia Catolica durante el siglo XIX; normalmente se le conoce como el Papa que inicia las enciclicas sociales con Rerum Novarum (1891), pero ello no es lo mas importante: desde la perspective de la filosofia lo es la enciclica Aeterni Patris
, publicada en 1879.
We are told that the scholastic revival sparked by Pope Leo XIII's Aeterni Patris
(1879) confirmed how much Maistre was "utterly out of step with Catholic tradition" because he is said to have blurred the distinction made by Thomas Aquinas between the temporal and spiritual jurisdictions.
Efforts to remedy this situation had begun as early as Leo XIII's 1879 encyclical Aeterni patris
, which encouraged the study of Thomas Aquinas as a way to renew modern societies.
No, pues desde 1879, la enciclica Aeterni Patris
viene a modificar las condiciones en juego.
Thomas Aquinas; the challenge to this synthesis by Scotus and Ockham and the rise of skepticism; the unsuccessful response to this skepticism by Descartes, Pascal, and Arnauld; the efforts of Rosmini and Newman to reestablish Catholic intellectual influence in a rapidly secularizing culture with fragmenting universities; the resurgence of Thomism after Aeterni Patris
and the call to engage non-Thomistic culture and tradition with this new Thomism in Fides et Ratio.
[On the restoration of Christian philosophy].
For a happy eighty or ninety years, beginning a few years after Pope Leo XIII published the encyclical Aeterni Patris
in 1879, it was not so.