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 (ē-tō′lē-ə, -tōl′yə)
An ancient region of central Greece north of the gulfs of Corinth and Patras. In the fourth century bc it formed the Aetolian League, a military confederation that rivaled Achaea and Macedon before falling under Roman domination in the second century.

Ae·to′li·an adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) a mountainous region forming (with the region of Acarnania) a department of W central Greece, north of the Gulf of Patras: a powerful federal state in the 3rd century bc. Chief city: Missolonghi. Pop (with Acarnania): 219 092 (2001). Area: 5461 sq km (2108 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(iˈtoʊ li ə)

a region in W central Greece.
Ae•to′li•an, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in classic literature ?
Such was Tydeus of Aetolia. His son can talk more glibly, but he cannot fight as his father did."
As he was leaving the body, Thoas of Aetolia struck him in the chest near the nipple, and the point fixed itself in his lungs.
Hesiod said that they were sons of Aloeus, -- called so after him, -- and of Iphimedea, but in reality sons of Poseidon and Iphimedea, and that Alus a city of Aetolia was founded by their father.
The metope from the temple at Thermon in Aetolia, dated to c.
The Byzantine grammarian John Tzetzes wrote that "Under the royal patronage of Ptolemy Philadelphus, Alexander of Aetolia edited the books of tragedy, Lycophron of Chalcis those of comedy, and Zenodotus of Ephesus those of Homer and the other poets" (Tzetzes, 1952, pp.
These are two little Towns, built like Venice upon little Iflands, in the Shallows of the Sea, near the Shore of the ancient Aetolia. No ship, or Bark, can come near them by four or five Miles; nor to them at all unlefs they will fetch them, in their little flat-bottom'd Boats, made of one piece of Wood, they therefore call Monoxylo, as afore-faid: In which alfo they bring their Currans aboard, coming to and fro in calm Weather, as thick as Bees to a Hive.
124: "Demetrios of Macedon, about 235 B.C., made an expedition into Aetolia and sacked Old Pleuron; its inhabitants guarded against the recurrence of the mishap by establishing themselves in a less exposed situation"; Fiechter 1931, p.
And even to the present day the Thracians, Illyrians, and Epeirotes live on the flanks of the Greeks (though this was still more the case formerly than now); indeed most of the country that at the present time is indisputably Greece is held by the barbarians - Macedonia and certain parts of Thessaly by the Thracians, and the parts above Acarnania and Aetolia by the Threspoti, the Cassopaei, the Amphilochi, the Molossi, and the Athamanes -- Epeirotic tribes.(5)
Hecataeus' Genealogiai related, for example, that Orestheus, the son of Deucalion, was the king of Aetolia and listed his descendants for three generations down to Aetolus, the eponymous hero of the region.(34) According to Acusilaus, Phoroneus, the first man, was the father of Niobe, who became the consort of Zeus and mother of Argos.