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 (ē-tō′lē-ə, -tōl′yə)
An ancient region of central Greece north of the gulfs of Corinth and Patras. In the fourth century bc it formed the Aetolian League, a military confederation that rivaled Achaea and Macedon before falling under Roman domination in the second century.

Ae·to′li·an adj. & n.


(Placename) a mountainous region forming (with the region of Acarnania) a department of W central Greece, north of the Gulf of Patras: a powerful federal state in the 3rd century bc. Chief city: Missolonghi. Pop (with Acarnania): 219 092 (2001). Area: 5461 sq km (2108 sq miles)


(iˈtoʊ li ə)

a region in W central Greece.
Ae•to′li•an, adj., n.
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References in classic literature ?
As he was leaving the body, Thoas of Aetolia struck him in the chest near the nipple, and the point fixed itself in his lungs.
Hesiod said that they were sons of Aloeus, -- called so after him, -- and of Iphimedea, but in reality sons of Poseidon and Iphimedea, and that Alus a city of Aetolia was founded by their father.
The subject of the contract is the supply of liquid fuels (unleaded petrol cpv: 09132100-4 & cpv: 09134100-8) for the needs of the aetolia police directorate services for the year 2018, namely eur 88 916,13 for unleaded petrol and 51 903,23 eur for diesel fuel excluding vat 24%.
Vexed by hostile neighbours, harried by Roman commissions, put continually on his defence before the Senate, and forced to surrender his conquests in Thessaly, AEtolia and Thrace, he stiffed his resentment, and cloaking his purpuse with submission, resolutely prepared for a defensive struggle (How & Leigh, 1896: 273-274 (12))
The metope from the temple at Thermon in Aetolia, dated to c.
The Byzantine grammarian John Tzetzes wrote that "Under the royal patronage of Ptolemy Philadelphus, Alexander of Aetolia edited the books of tragedy, Lycophron of Chalcis those of comedy, and Zenodotus of Ephesus those of Homer and the other poets" (Tzetzes, 1952, pp.
These are two little Towns, built like Venice upon little Iflands, in the Shallows of the Sea, near the Shore of the ancient Aetolia.
made an expedition into Aetolia and sacked Old Pleuron; its inhabitants guarded against the recurrence of the mishap by establishing themselves in a less exposed situation"; Fiechter 1931, p.
And even to the present day the Thracians, Illyrians, and Epeirotes live on the flanks of the Greeks (though this was still more the case formerly than now); indeed most of the country that at the present time is indisputably Greece is held by the barbarians - Macedonia and certain parts of Thessaly by the Thracians, and the parts above Acarnania and Aetolia by the Threspoti, the Cassopaei, the Amphilochi, the Molossi, and the Athamanes -- Epeirotic tribes.
Hecataeus' Genealogiai related, for example, that Orestheus, the son of Deucalion, was the king of Aetolia and listed his descendants for three generations down to Aetolus, the eponymous hero of the region.
The striking difference in this case is that Pausanias three times refers to Aetolia or Aetolians: for Xenophon these are Achaeans.