afferent

(redirected from Afferent arterioles)
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af·fer·ent

 (ăf′ər-ənt)
adj.
Carrying inward to a central organ or section, as nerves that conduct impulses from the periphery of the body to the brain or spinal cord.

[Latin afferēns, afferent-, present participle of afferre, to bring toward : ad-, ad- + ferre, to bring; see bher- in Indo-European roots.]

af′fer·ent·ly adv.

afferent

(ˈæfərənt)
adj
(Physiology) bringing or directing inwards to a part or an organ of the body, esp towards the brain or spinal cord. Compare efferent
[C19: from Latin afferre to carry to, from ad- to + ferre to carry]

af•fer•ent

(ˈæf ər ənt)
adj.
1. bringing to or leading toward an organ or part, as a nerve or arteriole (opposed to efferent).
n.
2. a nerve that conveys an impulse toward the central nervous system.
[1830–40; < Latin afferent-, s. of afferēns, present participle of afferre to bring, deliver =af- af- + ferre to bear1]
af′fer•ent•ly, adv.

af·fer·ent

(ăf′ər-ənt)
Relating to a nerve that carries sensory information toward the central nervous system. Compare efferent.

afferent

Directing to a part of the body. The afferent nerves of the peripheral nervous system send impulses to the central nervous system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.afferent - a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
dorsal horn, dorsal root - one of the two roots of a spinal nerve that passes dorsally to the spinal cord and that consists of sensory fibers
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
nerve, nervus - any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body
afferent fiber, sensory fiber - a nerve fiber that carries impulses toward the central nervous system
lemniscus, fillet - a bundle of sensory nerve fibers going to the thalamus
Adj.1.afferent - of nerves and nerve impulsesafferent - of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS; "afferent nerves"; "afferent impulses"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
efferent, motorial - of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying information away from the CNS; "efferent nerves and impulses"

afferent

adjective
Transmitting impulses from sense organs to nerve centers:
Translations

af·fer·ent

a. aferente, que se dirige hacia el centro o hacia adentro;
___ fibersfibras ___-s;
___ glomerular arteriolearteriola glomerular ___;
___ lymphatic vesselvaso linfático ___;
___ nervenervio ___;
___ vesselvaso ___.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other mechanisms of Amphotericin B induced nephrotoxicity suggested in the literature are direct toxic effects to the afferent arterioles and tubules and direct renal and systemic vasoconstriction.
27) has measured renal arteriolar diameter using a vascular cast technique and have found that the afferent arterioles were constricted while the efferent arterioles were dilated in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.
Angiotensin II causes vasoconstriction, including of the afferent arterioles, increasing glomerular hypertension and damage.
But one key way hypertension hurts kidneys is by blunting the function of afferent arterioles, tiny blood vessels that feed the filtering units.
The myogenic mechanism is based on the function of baroreceptors (stretch receptors) in the afferent arterioles.