afferent

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af·fer·ent

 (ăf′ər-ənt)
adj.
Carrying inward to a central organ or section, as nerves that conduct impulses from the periphery of the body to the brain or spinal cord.

[Latin afferēns, afferent-, present participle of afferre, to bring toward : ad-, ad- + ferre, to bring; see bher- in Indo-European roots.]

af′fer·ent·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

afferent

(ˈæfərənt)
adj
(Physiology) bringing or directing inwards to a part or an organ of the body, esp towards the brain or spinal cord. Compare efferent
[C19: from Latin afferre to carry to, from ad- to + ferre to carry]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

af•fer•ent

(ˈæf ər ənt)
adj.
1. bringing to or leading toward an organ or part, as a nerve or arteriole (opposed to efferent).
n.
2. a nerve that conveys an impulse toward the central nervous system.
[1830–40; < Latin afferent-, s. of afferēns, present participle of afferre to bring, deliver =af- af- + ferre to bear1]
af′fer•ent•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

af·fer·ent

(ăf′ər-ənt)
Relating to a nerve that carries sensory information toward the central nervous system. Compare efferent.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

afferent

Directing to a part of the body. The afferent nerves of the peripheral nervous system send impulses to the central nervous system.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.afferent - a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
dorsal horn, dorsal root - one of the two roots of a spinal nerve that passes dorsally to the spinal cord and that consists of sensory fibers
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
nerve, nervus - any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body
afferent fiber, sensory fiber - a nerve fiber that carries impulses toward the central nervous system
lemniscus, fillet - a bundle of sensory nerve fibers going to the thalamus
Adj.1.afferent - of nerves and nerve impulsesafferent - of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS; "afferent nerves"; "afferent impulses"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
efferent, motorial - of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying information away from the CNS; "efferent nerves and impulses"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

afferent

adjective
Transmitting impulses from sense organs to nerve centers:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations

af·fer·ent

a. aferente, que se dirige hacia el centro o hacia adentro;
___ fibersfibras ___-s;
___ glomerular arteriolearteriola glomerular ___;
___ lymphatic vesselvaso linfático ___;
___ nervenervio ___;
___ vesselvaso ___.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Quantitative analysis of afferent arterioles was performed as previously described [16].
Other mechanisms of Amphotericin B induced nephrotoxicity suggested in the literature are direct toxic effects to the afferent arterioles and tubules and direct renal and systemic vasoconstriction.
(27) has measured renal arteriolar diameter using a vascular cast technique and have found that the afferent arterioles were constricted while the efferent arterioles were dilated in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.
Iversen, "Angiotensin II-induced contraction is attenuated by nitric oxide in afferent arterioles from the nonclipped kidney in 2K1C," American Journal of Physiology--Renal Physiology, vol.
Angiotensin II causes vasoconstriction, including of the afferent arterioles, increasing glomerular hypertension and damage.
But one key way hypertension hurts kidneys is by blunting the function of afferent arterioles, tiny blood vessels that feed the filtering units.
The myogenic mechanism is based on the function of baroreceptors (stretch receptors) in the afferent arterioles. When the MAP increases, these receptors respond to the increased vascular wall tension or stretch and cause afferent arteriolar constriction.