Among them, the following points should be clarified: 1) degree of participation of the MAA and AA metabolites and others in the effect of dipyrone; 2) mechanism(s) by which pyrazolone derivatives activate the capsaicin-sensitive afferent pathways
; 3) mechanism(s) additional to the activation of the [beta]2-adrenoceptor mediating the effect of the AA metabolite delaying GE; 4) origin of the norepinephrine mediator in the SNS; 5) participation of the PVN in the integration between the spinal and/or vagal afferent pathways
; 6) the efferent pathways of the vagus (adrenergic) and the SNS involved in the various effects of dipyrone.
Changes in the peripheral afferent nervous system related to eating, such as alimentary bolus characters and eating postures, can result in adjustments of swallowing by afferent pathways
of the central nervous network, followed by corresponding changes in the time sequence, duration, and intensity of oropharyngeal muscle activities.
This expression supports the notion that CB2-mediated effects may be regulated by a functional interplay between the endocannabinoid and [mu]-opioid systems, resulting in an indirect activation of opioid receptors expressed in primary afferent pathways
It represents the level of neuromuscular coordination in which the body, through different physical, chemical and mechanical processes, decodes auditory reaction time (ART) and visual reaction time (VRT), which travel via afferent pathways
and reach the brain as sensory stimuli.
The peripheral nerves act as afferent pathways
for neural messages from the nociceptive receptors to the spinal cord, and the efferent pathways that relay the messages to react to the stimulus.
(2.) Nair KP, Taly AB, Rao S, Murali T Afferent pathways
of sympathetic skin response in spinal cord: a clinical and electrophysiological study.
In middle ear surgery is caused by activation of vestibular afferent pathways
and stimulation of Arnold's nerve.
Cravo, "Afferent pathways
involved in cardiovascular adjustments induced by hypertonic saline resuscitation in rats submitted to hemorrhagic shock," Shock, vol.