pupil

(redirected from Afferent pupillary defect)
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pu·pil 1

 (pyo͞o′pəl)
n.
1. A student under the direct supervision of a teacher or professor.
2. Law A minor under the supervision of a guardian.

[Middle English pupille, orphan, from Old French, from Latin pūpillus, diminutive of pūpus, boy.]

pu′pil·lar·y (-pə-lĕr′ē) adj.

pu·pil 2

 (pyo͞o′pəl)
n.
The apparently black circular opening in the center of the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina.

[Middle English, from Old French pupille, from Latin pūpilla, little doll, pupil of the eye (from the tiny image reflected in it); see pupil1.]

pu′pi·lar, pu′pil·lar·y (-pə-lĕr′ē) adj.

pupil

(ˈpjuːpəl)
n
1. (Education) a student who is taught by a teacher, esp a young student
2. (Law) civil law Scots law a boy under 14 or a girl under 12 who is in the care of a guardian
[C14: from Latin pupillus an orphan, from pūpus a child]

pupil

(ˈpjuːpəl)
n
(Anatomy) the dark circular aperture at the centre of the iris of the eye, through which light enters
[C16: from Latin pūpilla, diminutive of pūpa girl, puppet; from the tiny reflections in the eye]

pu•pil1

(ˈpyu pəl)

n.
a person, usu. young, who is learning under the supervision of a teacher at school or a private tutor; student.
[1350–1400; pupille < Middle French < Latin pūpillus (masculine), pūpilla (feminine) orphan, ward, diminutives of pūpus boy, pūpa girl]

pu•pil2

(ˈpyu pəl)

n.
the expanding and contracting opening in the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina.
[1350–1400; < Latin pūpilla literally, little doll; for sense compare Greek kórē girl, doll, pupil of the eye, alluding to tiny reflections seen in the pupils]

pu·pil

(pyo͞o′pəl)
The opening in the center of the iris through which light enters the eye.

pupil

  • eleve - A French term used for a pupil or scholar.
  • indocible - Means unteachable as a pupil.
  • pupil - From Latin pupilla, it first meant "orphan, ward, minor."
  • apple of his eye - Results from the fact that the pupil of the eye was called the "apple" in earlier English because it was thought to be a solid sphere.

pupil

The hole in the middle of the iris, through which light enters the eye.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pupil - a learner who is enrolled in an educational institutionpupil - a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution
art student - someone studying to be an artist
auditor - a student who attends a course but does not take it for credit
catechumen, neophyte - a new convert being taught the principles of Christianity by a catechist
college boy, college man, collegian - a student (or former student) at a college or university
crammer - a student who crams
enrollee - a person who enrolls in (or is enrolled in) a class or course of study
Etonian - a student enrolled in (or graduated from) Eton College
Ivy Leaguer - a student or graduate at an Ivy League school
law student - a student in law school
major - a university student who is studying a particular field as the principal subject; "she is a linguistics major"
medical student, medico - a student in medical school
nonreader - a student who is very slow in learning to read
overachiever - a student who attains higher standards than the IQ indicated
passer - a student who passes an examination
scholar - a student who holds a scholarship
seminarian, seminarist - a student at a seminary (especially a Roman Catholic seminary)
sixth-former - a student in the sixth form
skipper - a student who fails to attend classes
nonachiever, underachiever, underperformer - a student who does not perform as well as expected or as well as the IQ indicates
withdrawer - a student who withdraws from the educational institution in which he or she was enrolled
Wykehamist - a student enrolled in (or graduated from) Winchester College
teacher-student relation - the academic relation between teachers and their students
2.pupil - the contractile aperture in the center of the iris of the eye; resembles a large black dot
iris - muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil which in turn controls the amount of light that enters the eye; it forms the colored portion of the eye
aperture - a natural opening in something
3.pupil - a young person attending school (up through senior high school)pupil - a young person attending school (up through senior high school)
boarder - a pupil who lives at school during term time
day boarder - a schoolchild at a boarding school who has meals at school but sleeps at home
latchkey child - a school-age child who is home without adult supervision for part of the day (especially after school until a parent returns home from work)
schoolboy - a boy attending school
spring chicken, young person, younker, youth - a young person (especially a young man or boy)

pupil

noun
1. student, scholar, schoolboy or schoolgirl, schoolchild a school with over 1,000 pupils
student teacher, tutor, schoolteacher, master or mistress, schoolmaster or schoolmistress
2. learner, student, follower, trainee, novice, beginner, apprentice, disciple, protégé, neophyte, tyro, catechumen Goldschmidt became a pupil of the composer Franz Schreker.
learner coach, trainer, instructor, guru

pupil

noun
One who is being educated:
Translations
إِنْسَانُ العَيْنبُؤبُؤ العَيْنتِلْميذتِلْمِيذ
žákzornicepanenka-yně
elevpupil
lernantinolernantolernejanopupilo
oppilaspupilli
učenikzjenicazjenađakučenica
diákpupillatanuló
nemandiljósop, sjáaldur; augasteinn
生徒瞳孔
눈동자학생
skolēns, skolnieks, skolniecezīlīte
eleveleva
zrenica
zenicaučenec
ученикученица
elevpupill
ช่องตาดำนักเรียน
đồng tửhọc sinh

pupil

1 [ˈpjuːpl] N
1. (in school) → alumno/a m/f, educando/a m/f (frm)
last year pupil numbers increased by 46,100el año pasado hubo un aumento de 46.100 en el número total de alumnos
pupil-teacher ratioproporción f de alumnos por maestro
see also teacher-pupil ratio
2. [of musician, artist etc] → alumno/a m/f, discípulo/a m/f

pupil

2 [ˈpjuːpl] N (Anat) → pupila f

pupil

[ˈpjuːpɪl] n
(= student) → élève mf
[eye] → pupille fpupil power npouvoir m des élèves

pupil

1
n (Sch, fig) → Schüler(in) m(f)

pupil

2
n (Anat) → Pupille f

pupil

1 [ˈpjuːpl] n (Scol) → allievo/a, scolaro/a

pupil

2 [ˈpjuːpl] n (Anat) → pupilla

pupil1

(ˈpjuːpl) noun
a person who is being taught by a teacher or tutor. The school has 2,000 pupils.

pupil2

(ˈpjuːpl) noun
the round opening in the middle of the eye through which the light passes.

pupil

إِنْسَانُ العَيْن, تِلْمِيذ panenka, žák elev, pupil Pupille, Schüler κόρη ματιού, μαθητής alumno, pupila, pupilo oppilas, pupilli élève, pupille učenik, zjenica alunni, pupille 生徒, 瞳孔 눈동자, 학생 leerling, pupil elev, pupill uczeń, źrenica aluno, pupila зрачок, ученик elev, pupill ช่องตาดำ, นักเรียน gözbebeği, öğrenci đồng tử, học sinh 学生, 瞳孔

pu·pil

n. pupila, abertura contráctil del iris que da entrada a la luz.

pupil

n (of the eye) pupila (del ojo)
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1: Calculation of the OTS Initial visual factor raw points Raw points A Initial visual acuity category NLP 60 LP to HM 70 1/200-19/200 80 20/200-20/50 90 [greater than or equal to]20/40 100 B Globe rupture -23 C Endophthalmitis -17 D Perforating injury -14 E Retinal detachment -11 F Afferent pupillary defect -10 OTS: Ocular trauma score, NLP: No light perception, LP: Light perception, HM: Hand movement Table 2: Calculation of the OTS category OTS score Category 0-44 1 45-65 2 66-80 3 81-91 4 92-100 5 OTS: Ocular trauma score Table 3: Age distribution of study patients Age Male (n=158) Female (n=54) Total group (years) 0-5 12 (7.
Patients often exhibit relative afferent pupillary defect, dyschromatopsia, and central, cecocentral, or arcuate visual field defects.
7 Factors associated with poor visual outcome include presenting visual acuity (VA) of no light perception (NLP) or light perception (PL), the presence of relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD), central corneal opacity, retinal detachment (RD), endophthalmitis, macular scarring and optic atrophy.
15 cases with relative afferent pupillary defect were noted, 9 with closed globe injuries & 6 with open globe injuries.
This is diagnosed by a visual acuity of less than 6/60, the presence of a relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD), and extensive deep retinal haemorrhages.
Relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) was slightly positive in the left eye as sluggish movement of the iris.
Neuro-opthalmic signs include afferent pupillary defect, dyschromatopsia, and in some cases changes in visual acuity.
His pupils were reactive and a 1+ relative afferent pupillary defect was present on the right.
Examination revealed significant left periocular swelling, relative afferent pupillary defect, chemosis, extraocular movement limitation, and no light perception in the left globe.
At our clinic, we noted that her color vision was normal, there was no relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD), and she had a full visual field after confrontation visual field testing.
Visual acuity (VA) in the left eye was counting fingers with no afferent pupillary defect (APD).
It is based upon visual acuity on presentation and vision-threatening injuries such as globe rupture, endophthalmitis, perforating injury, retinal detachment and afferent pupillary defect.