pupil

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pu·pil 1

 (pyo͞o′pəl)
n.
1. A student under the direct supervision of a teacher or professor.
2. Law A minor under the supervision of a guardian.

[Middle English pupille, orphan, from Old French, from Latin pūpillus, diminutive of pūpus, boy.]

pu′pil·lar·y (-pə-lĕr′ē) adj.

pu·pil 2

 (pyo͞o′pəl)
n.
The apparently black circular opening in the center of the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina.

[Middle English, from Old French pupille, from Latin pūpilla, little doll, pupil of the eye (from the tiny image reflected in it); see pupil1.]

pu′pi·lar, pu′pil·lar·y (-pə-lĕr′ē) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pupil

(ˈpjuːpəl)
n
1. (Education) a student who is taught by a teacher, esp a young student
2. (Law) civil law Scots law a boy under 14 or a girl under 12 who is in the care of a guardian
[C14: from Latin pupillus an orphan, from pūpus a child]

pupil

(ˈpjuːpəl)
n
(Anatomy) the dark circular aperture at the centre of the iris of the eye, through which light enters
[C16: from Latin pūpilla, diminutive of pūpa girl, puppet; from the tiny reflections in the eye]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pu•pil1

(ˈpyu pəl)

n.
a person, usu. young, who is learning under the supervision of a teacher at school or a private tutor; student.
[1350–1400; pupille < Middle French < Latin pūpillus (masculine), pūpilla (feminine) orphan, ward, diminutives of pūpus boy, pūpa girl]

pu•pil2

(ˈpyu pəl)

n.
the expanding and contracting opening in the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina.
[1350–1400; < Latin pūpilla literally, little doll; for sense compare Greek kórē girl, doll, pupil of the eye, alluding to tiny reflections seen in the pupils]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

pu·pil

(pyo͞o′pəl)
The opening in the center of the iris through which light enters the eye.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pupil

  • eleve - A French term used for a pupil or scholar.
  • indocible - Means unteachable as a pupil.
  • pupil - From Latin pupilla, it first meant "orphan, ward, minor."
  • apple of his eye - Results from the fact that the pupil of the eye was called the "apple" in earlier English because it was thought to be a solid sphere.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

pupil

The hole in the middle of the iris, through which light enters the eye.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pupil - a learner who is enrolled in an educational institutionpupil - a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution
art student - someone studying to be an artist
auditor - a student who attends a course but does not take it for credit
catechumen, neophyte - a new convert being taught the principles of Christianity by a catechist
college boy, college man, collegian - a student (or former student) at a college or university
crammer - a student who crams
enrollee - a person who enrolls in (or is enrolled in) a class or course of study
Etonian - a student enrolled in (or graduated from) Eton College
Ivy Leaguer - a student or graduate at an Ivy League school
law student - a student in law school
major - a university student who is studying a particular field as the principal subject; "she is a linguistics major"
medical student, medico - a student in medical school
nonreader - a student who is very slow in learning to read
overachiever - a student who attains higher standards than the IQ indicated
passer - a student who passes an examination
scholar - a student who holds a scholarship
seminarian, seminarist - a student at a seminary (especially a Roman Catholic seminary)
sixth-former - a student in the sixth form
skipper - a student who fails to attend classes
nonachiever, underachiever, underperformer - a student who does not perform as well as expected or as well as the IQ indicates
withdrawer - a student who withdraws from the educational institution in which he or she was enrolled
Wykehamist - a student enrolled in (or graduated from) Winchester College
teacher-student relation - the academic relation between teachers and their students
2.pupil - the contractile aperture in the center of the iris of the eye; resembles a large black dot
iris - muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil which in turn controls the amount of light that enters the eye; it forms the colored portion of the eye
aperture - a natural opening in something
3.pupil - a young person attending school (up through senior high school)pupil - a young person attending school (up through senior high school)
boarder - a pupil who lives at school during term time
day boarder - a schoolchild at a boarding school who has meals at school but sleeps at home
latchkey child - a school-age child who is home without adult supervision for part of the day (especially after school until a parent returns home from work)
schoolboy - a boy attending school
spring chicken, young person, younker, youth - a young person (especially a young man or boy)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

pupil

noun
1. student, scholar, schoolboy or schoolgirl, schoolchild a school with over 1,000 pupils
student teacher, tutor, schoolteacher, master or mistress, schoolmaster or schoolmistress
2. learner, student, follower, trainee, novice, beginner, apprentice, disciple, protégé, neophyte, tyro, catechumen Goldschmidt became a pupil of the composer Franz Schreker.
learner coach, trainer, instructor, guru
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

pupil

noun
One who is being educated:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
إِنْسَانُ العَيْنبُؤبُؤ العَيْنتِلْميذتِلْمِيذ
žákzornicepanenka-yně
elevpupil
lernantinolernantolernejanopupilo
oppilaspupilli
učenikzjenicazjenađakučenica
diákpupillatanuló
nemandiljósop, sjáaldur; augasteinn
生徒瞳孔
눈동자학생
skolēns, skolnieks, skolniecezīlīte
eleveleva
zrenica
zenicaučenec
ученикученица
elevpupill
ช่องตาดำนักเรียน
đồng tửhọc sinh

pupil

1 [ˈpjuːpl] N
1. (in school) → alumno/a m/f, educando/a m/f (frm)
last year pupil numbers increased by 46,100el año pasado hubo un aumento de 46.100 en el número total de alumnos
pupil-teacher ratioproporción f de alumnos por maestro
see also teacher-pupil ratio
2. [of musician, artist etc] → alumno/a m/f, discípulo/a m/f

pupil

2 [ˈpjuːpl] N (Anat) → pupila f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

pupil

[ˈpjuːpɪl] n
(= student) → élève mf
[eye] → pupille fpupil power npouvoir m des élèves
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

pupil

1
n (Sch, fig) → Schüler(in) m(f)

pupil

2
n (Anat) → Pupille f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

pupil

1 [ˈpjuːpl] n (Scol) → allievo/a, scolaro/a

pupil

2 [ˈpjuːpl] n (Anat) → pupilla
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

pupil1

(ˈpjuːpl) noun
a person who is being taught by a teacher or tutor. The school has 2,000 pupils.

pupil2

(ˈpjuːpl) noun
the round opening in the middle of the eye through which the light passes.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

pupil

إِنْسَانُ العَيْن, تِلْمِيذ panenka, žák elev, pupil Pupille, Schüler κόρη ματιού, μαθητής alumno, pupila, pupilo oppilas, pupilli élève, pupille učenik, zjenica alunni, pupille 生徒, 瞳孔 눈동자, 학생 leerling, pupil elev, pupill uczeń, źrenica aluno, pupila зрачок, ученик elev, pupill ช่องตาดำ, นักเรียน gözbebeği, öğrenci đồng tử, học sinh 学生, 瞳孔
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

pu·pil

n. pupila, abertura contráctil del iris que da entrada a la luz.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pupil

n (of the eye) pupila (del ojo)
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A relative afferent pupillary defect, which was also highlighted in our patient, supported the diagnosis.
No afferent pupillary defect was appreciated, and intraocular pressures were normal bilaterally.
Other accompanying findings are inflammation in the conjunctiva, orbital pain, decreased visual acuity (VA), and afferent pupillary defect. Although the differences between preseptal and orbital cellulitis are understood, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate (3).
On ophthalmic examination, the visual acuity of his left eye was 1-meter (counting fingers) and the relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) was negative.
Pupillary light reflexes showed relative afferent pupillary defect in his left eye.
Unfortunately, DON is very difficult to diagnose in a timely fashion because its signs and symptoms (decreased visual acuity, relative afferent pupillary defect, edema of the optic nerve head, visual field defects, and color vision impairment) are often subtle and can therefore be missed if they are not screened for specifically (1,6).
The pupils were of equal size and there was no afferent pupillary defect. Slit-lamp examination revealed numerous small iris nodules bilaterally (Figure 1).
Ophthalmologic examination showed visual acuity of no light projection with a relative afferent pupillary defect. No diplopia was found.
[10] It is based on the initial visual acuity and five anatomical characteristics (rupture, endophthalmitis, perforating injury, retinal detachment, and afferent pupillary defect).
Ocular trauma score parameters Number of cases (%) Rupture of the globe 89 (68%) Afferent pupillary defect 13 (10%) Endophthalmitis 2 (2%) Retinal detachment 24 (18%) Perforating injury 5 (4%) Initial vision > 5/10 Snellen 1 (0.7%) Initial vision 4/10-1/10 Snellen 10 (7%) Initial vision 19/200-1/100 Snellen 13 (10%) Hand movement and light perception 100 (77%) No light perception 7 (5%) Table 2: Thirteen independent variables evaluated among one- hundred thirty-one open globe injuries.
Ophthalmology was immediately consulted and fundoscopic exam showed pallor of the left retina and optic disk with an inferior visual loss and an afferent pupillary defect.
reported overall final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 6/12 or better in 42% of eyes, with closed-globe injury cases accounting for 65% of those cases.7 Factors associated with poor visual outcome include presenting visual acuity (VA) of no light perception (NLP) or light perception (PL), the presence of relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD), central corneal opacity, retinal detachment (RD), endophthalmitis, macular scarring and optic atrophy.5 Published data on the pattern and characteristics of combat-related closed-globe ocular injuries is scarce.