(redirected from Affricates)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Affricates: phonetics, Semivowels, Approximants


A complex speech sound consisting of a stop consonant followed by a fricative; for example, the initial sounds of child and joy. Also called affricative.

[Latin affricātus, past participle of affricāre, to rub against : ad-, ad- + fricāre, to rub.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point, such as the sound written ch, as in chair
[C19: from Latin affricāre to rub against, from fricāre to rub; compare friction]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(n. ˈæf rɪ kɪt; v. -ˌkeɪt)

n., v. -cat•ed, -cat•ing. n.
1. a composite speech sound in which a stop consonant is gradually released with audible friction, as the sound (ch) in church or (j) in judge.
2. to change the pronunciation of (a stop) to an affricate, esp. by releasing (the stop) slowly.
[1875–85; < Latin affricātus, past participle of affricāre to rub (against) =af- af- + fricāre to rub (compare friction)]
af`fri•ca′tion, n.
af•fric•a•tive (əˈfrɪk ə tɪv) n., adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.affricate - a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point (as `ch' in `chair' and `j' in `joy')
obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


A. ADJafricado
B. Nafricada f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


n (Ling) → Affrikata f (spec), → Affrikate f (spec)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
Example of child's Code Description of code production CR Cluster reduction 'firs' for first 'boon' for spoon WSD Weak syllable deletion 'straya' for Australia S Stopping of fricatives 'tor' for saw and affricates V Voicing 'burble' for purple H 'h' omission 'air' for hair TH Omission/substitution 'dat' for that of W 'fin' for thin VC Vowel change 'bin' for been Table 4.
Students in this stage are recognizing initial and final consonants, blends, and diagraphs, short vowels, affricates, and final consonant blends and diagraphs.
(e) Affricates Unvoiced fricatives > Voiced fricatives (f) Glides (example: [f] with [v]).
NSE# LFC# NLFC# NSE/LFC% articulation Total Fricatives f 17 0 0 100% v 13 3 4 80% [theta] 2 0 0 100% [eth] i 17 0 100% s 47 0 0 100% z 10 5 8 65.2% [??] 5 6 i 91.7% Affricates t[??] 10 0 0 100% d[??] 3 0 0 100% Liquids 1 23 24 0 100% Nasals m 37 0 i 97.4% n 51 0 2 96.2% [eta] 4 4 0 100% Approximants r 0 66 0 100% j 2 9 2 84.6% w 16 0 0 100% h 2 7 0 100% Total # 243 141 18 Total % 60.4 35-1 4-5 Manner of Cons.
Phonetic vs Phonological Lengthening in Affricates. UC Berkeley Phonology Lab Annual Report.
Consonants with a lower error frequency are fricatives (with some omission errors), affricates and nasals.
There are regularly four primary points of articulation: labial stops, coronal stops, alveopalatal affricates, and dorsal stops.
An interesting discovery was recorded in the group of affricates. The quality of articulation of all individual affricates, except for the sound /c/ was statistically much better in the first graders than in the preschool children (p<0.01).
(136) Mainly interview with Shuluyo speakers from the eastern part; many affricates [tf] and [dg] where other dialects may have [s'] and [z'] or even [s] and [z]