Afghanistan(redirected from Afghanistan (1911 Encyclopedia))
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A landlocked country of southwest-central Asia. Frequently dominated since ancient times by foreign empires, Afghanistan gained full independence only in 1919. The USSR invaded in 1979 but met fierce resistance from Afghan insurgents and withdrew its troops in 1989. The resulting power vacuum led to the rise of the Taliban, which established strict Islamic rule over most of the country. The Taliban was overthrown by a US-led invasion in 2001 that set up a pro-Western government, although armed resistance continued in many parts of the country. Kabul is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) a republic in central Asia: became independent in 1919; occupied by Soviet troops, 1979–89; controlled by mujaheddin forces from 1992 until 1996 when Taliban forces seized power; in the US-led 'war on terror' (2001) the Taliban were overthrown and replaced by an interim administration, although the Taliban insurgency continues; generally arid and mountainous, with the Hindu Kush range rising over 7500 m (25 000 ft) and fertile valleys of the Amu Darya, Helmand, and Kabul Rivers. Official languages: Pashto and Dari (Persian), Tajik also widely spoken. Religion: Muslim. Currency: afghani. Capital: Kabul. Pop: 31 108 077 (2013 est). Area: 657 500 sq km (250 000 sq miles)
a republic in SW Asia, E of Iran, and NW of Pakistan. 25,824,882; 251,773 sq. mi. (652,090 sq. km). Cap.: Kabul.
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|Noun||1.||Afghanistan - a mountainous landlocked country in central Asia; bordered by Iran to the west and Russia to the north and Pakistan to the east and south; "Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan in 1979"|
al-Qaeda, al-Qaida, al-Qa'ida, Qaeda, Base - a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries
Loya Jirga - a grand council or grand assembly used to resolve political conflicts or other national problems; "he convened a Loya Jirga that persuaded tribal leaders to acquiesce"
Herat - a city in northwestern Afghanistan on the site of several ancient cities
Jalalabad - a town in eastern Afghanistan (east of Kabul)
capital of Afghanistan, Kabul - the capital and largest city of Afghanistan; located in eastern Afghanistan
Mazar-i-Sharif - a city in northern Afghanistan
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
Khyber Pass - a mountain pass of great strategic and commercial value in the Hindu Kush on the border between northern Pakistan and western Afghanistan; a route by which invaders entered India
Pamir Mountains, the Pamirs - a mountain range in central Asia that is centered in Tajikistan but extends into Kyrgyzstan and Afghanistan and Pakistan and western China
Afghanistan[æfˈgænɪstæn] N → Afganistán m
n → Afghanistan nt