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a. Behind in place or order: Z comes after Y in the alphabet.
b. Next to or lower than in order or importance.
2. In quest or pursuit of: seek after fame; go after big money.
3. Concerning: asked after you.
4. Subsequent in time to; at a later time than: come after dinner.
5. Subsequent to and because of or regardless of: They are still friends after all their differences.
6. Following continually: year after year.
7. In the style of or in imitation of: satires after Horace.
8. With the same or close to the same name as; in honor or commemoration of: named after her mother.
9. According to the nature or desires of; in conformity to: a tenor after my own heart.
10. Past the hour of: five minutes after three.
11. Irish Used with a present participle to indicate action that has just been completed: "Sure I'm after seeing him not five minutes ago" (James Joyce).
1. Behind; in the rear.
2. At a later or subsequent time; afterward: three hours after; departed shortly after.
1. Subsequent in time or place; later; following: in after years.
2. Located near the stern of a vessel or the rear or an aircraft or spacecraft.
Following or subsequent to the time that: I saw them after I arrived.
1. Afternoon.
2. afters Chiefly British Dessert.
after all
1. In spite of everything to the contrary; nevertheless: We chose to take the train after all.
2. Everything else having been considered; ultimately: A car is after all a means of transportation.

[Middle English, from Old English æfter; see apo- in Indo-European roots.]


1. following in time; in succession to: after dinner; time after time.
2. following; behind: they entered one after another.
3. in pursuit or search of: chasing after a thief; he's only after money.
4. concerning: to inquire after his health.
5. considering: after what you have done, you shouldn't complain.
6. next in excellence or importance to: he ranked Jonson after Shakespeare.
7. in imitation of; in the manner of: a statue after classical models.
8. in accordance with or in conformity to: a man after her own heart.
9. with a name derived from: Mary was named after her grandmother.
10. US past (the hour of): twenty after three.
11. after all
a. in spite of everything: it's only a game, after all.
b. in spite of expectations, efforts, etc: he won the race after all!.
12. after you please go, enter, etc, before me
13. at a later time; afterwards
14. coming afterwards; in pursuit
15. (Nautical Terms) nautical further aft; sternwards
(subordinating) at a time later than that at which: he came after I had left.
(Nautical Terms) nautical further aft: the after cabin.
[Old English æfter; related to Old Norse aptr back, eptir after, Old High German aftar]


(ˈæf tər, ˈɑf-)

1. behind in place or position; following behind: We marched one after the other.
2. following the completion of; in succession to: Tell me after supper. Day after day he came to work late.
3. in consequence of: After what has happened, I can never return.
4. below in rank or estimation: placed after Shakespeare among English poets.
5. in imitation of: fashioned after Raphael.
6. in pursuit or search of: I'm after a better job.
7. concerning; about: to inquire after a person.
8. in agreement or conformity with: a man after my own heart.
9. in spite of: After all her troubles, she's still optimistic.
10. behind; in the rear: Jill came tumbling after.
11. later in time; afterward: happily ever after.
12. later; subsequent: In after years we never heard from him.
a. farther aft.
b. located closest to the stern or tail; aftermost.
14. subsequent to the time that: after the boys left.
15. afters, Brit. Informal. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) dessert.
after all, despite what has occurred; nevertheless.
[before 900; Old English æfter, c. Old Frisian efter, Old Saxon, Old High German after]


1. 'after'

After is usually a preposition. If something happens after a particular time or event, it happens during the period that follows that time or event.

Vineeta came in just after midnight.
We'll hear about everything after dinner.

You can say that someone does something after doing something else.

After leaving school he worked as an accountant.
After completing and signing the form, please return it to me.

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone is 'after' a particular age. You say that they are over that age.

She was well over fifty.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'after' to say that something is at the back of something else. The word you use is behind.

I've parked behind the school.
2. 'afterwards'

Afterwards is an adverb. If something happens afterwards, it happens after a particular event or time that has already been mentioned. You often use afterwards in expressions like not long afterwards, soon afterwards, and shortly afterwards.

She died soon afterwards.
Shortly afterwards her marriage broke up.
3. 'afterward'

Afterward is also sometimes used, especially in American English.

I left soon afterward.
Not long afterward, he made a trip from L.A. to San Jose.
4. 'later'

Later is an adverb. You use later to refer to a time or situation that follows the time when you are speaking.

I'll go and see her later.

A little, much, and not much can be used with later.

A little later, the lights went out.
I learned all this much later.

You can use after, afterwards, or later following a phrase that mentions a period of time, in order to say when something happens.

I met him five years after his wife's death.
She wrote about it six years afterwards.
Ten minutes later he left the house.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.after - located farther aftafter - located farther aft      
aft - (nautical, aeronautical) situated at or toward the stern or tail
Adv.1.after - happening at a time subsequent to a reference timeafter - happening at a time subsequent to a reference time; "he apologized subsequently"; "he's going to the store but he'll be back here later"; "it didn't happen until afterward"; "two hours after that"
2.after - behind or in the rearafter - behind or in the rear; "and Jill came tumbling after"


1. at the end of, following, subsequent to After breakfast she phoned for a taxi.
at the end of before, earlier, sooner, previously, in advance, prior to
2. following, chasing, pursuing, on the hunt for, on the tail of (informal), on the track of People were after him for large amounts of money.
3. looking for, searching for, in search of, trying to find, hunting for, seeking out, fossicking for (Austral. & N.Z.) I did eventually find what I was after.
4. because of, in the wake of, in the aftermath of, on account of, as a result of, as a consequence of I always have to clean up after her.
5. apart from, barring, excepting, next to, other than, excluding, besides, in addition to After Germany, the US is their biggest customer.
6. with the same name as, in the name of, in honour of, the same as, as a tribute to, for (U.S.) He persuaded her to name the baby after him.
7. about, concerning, re, regarding, respecting, referring to, relating to, with respect to, as regards He asked after my wife and daughter.
8. despite, in spite of, regardless of, notwithstanding, in defiance of, undeterred by After all that, we still will not be able to compete.
adverb following
1. later, next, succeeding, afterwards, subsequently, thereafter tomorrow, or the day after
2. subsequently, next, behind, afterwards, in the wake (of) In the vehicle behind, the chauffeur followed after.
Related words
prefix post-


1. Following something else in time:
2. Nautical. Located in the rear:
بَعْدبَعْدُبَعْدَ أنبَعْدَ ذَلِكبَعْد كُل مَا
popotomzapoté copoté, co
á eftireftirsíîar, á eftiryfir
... 후에...을 지나서...한 뒤에뒤에
ieškotipagaliaupasekmėpaskesnė mintispaskui
aiziepakaļnopakaļpēcpēc tam
ardındanarkasındangeçiyorortasındanpeş peşe
quasausau khi


When after is an element in a phrasal verb, eg ask after, look after, take after, look up the verb.
1. (in time) → después de
soon after eating itpoco después de comerlo
I'll have a shower after youme ducharé después que
it was twenty after three (US) → eran las tres y veinte
2. (in position, order) → detrás de, tras
day after daydía tras día
one after the otheruno tras otro
excuse after excuse; one excuse after anotherexcusas y más excusas
after you!¡pase usted!, ¡usted primero!
after you with the saltpásame la sal cuando acabes
our biggest customer after the USnuestro mayor cliente después de Estados Unidos
3. (= behind) close the door after youcierra la puerta al salir or cuando salgas
I'm tired of cleaning up after youestoy cansado de ir detrás de ti limpiándolo todo
he ran after me with my umbrellacorrió tras de mí con mi paraguas
4. (= seeking) the police are after himla policía lo está buscando or está detrás de él
I have been after that for yearseso lo busco desde hace años
she's after a special dressbusca un vestido especial
she's after a husbandva en pos de un marido
they're all after the same thingtodos van a por lo mismo
what is he after?¿qué pretende?
I see what you're afterya caigo, ya comprendo lo que quieres decir; (hostile) → ya te he calado
5. (= in the manner of) this is after Goyaesto se pintó según el estilo de Goya
after the English fashiona la (manera) inglesa
see also heart A2
6. (= in honour of) he is named after Churchillse le llamó así por Churchill
7. (= in view of) → después de
after all I've done for youdespués de or con todo lo que he hecho por ti
he can't go back after what he's donedespués de lo que ha hecho no puede volver
after alldespués de todo
1. (= afterward) → después
for weeks afterdurante varias semanas después
long aftermucho tiempo después
soon afterpoco después
2. (= behind) → detrás
C. CONJdespués de que, después que
we ate after they'd gonecomimos después de que ellos se marcharon
I went out after I'd eatensalí después de comer
we'll eat after you've gonecomeremos cuando te hayas ido
1. in after years (frm) → en los años siguientes, años después
2. (Naut) → de popa


 You can usually translate after referring to a point in time using después de:
Please ring after six Por favor, llama después de las seis I'll phone you after the match Te llamaré después del partido ...Francoism after Franco... ...el franquismo después de Franco...
 To translate after + ((PERIOD OF TIME)), you can also use al cabo de in more formal Spanish:
After a year in the army, he had had enough Después de (estar) un año en el ejército or Al cabo de un año en el ejército, no lo soportaba más
! Use más tarde que or después que with names of people and personal pronouns when they stand in for a verb:
He got there half an hour after us or after we did Llegó allí media hora más tarde que nosotros or después que nosotros
 Translate after + ((-ING)) using después de + ((INFINITIVE)):
Don't go swimming immediately after eating No te bañes justo después de comer
 When the action in the after clause has already happened, and the subjects of the two clauses are different, you can generally translate after using después de que. This can be followed either by the indicative or, especially in formal or literary Spanish, by the subjunctive:
I met her after she had left the company La conocí después de que dejó or dejara la empresa
 When the action in the after clause has not happened yet or had not happened at the time of speaking, cuando is more common than después de que, though both translations are possible. In both cases, use the subjunctive:
We'll test the brakes after you've done another thousand miles Comprobaremos los frenos cuando or después de que haya recorrido mil millas más
 If the subject of both clauses is the same, después de + ((INFINITIVE)) is usually used rather than después de que:
He wrote to me again after he retired Me volvió a escribir después de jubilarse
NOTE This construction is also sometimes used in colloquial Spanish even when the subjects are different:
After you left, the party ended Después de irte tú, se terminó la fiesta


(= later than) → après
She arrived just after breakfast → Elle est arrivée juste après le petit-déjeuner.
after dinner → après le dîner, après dîner
the day after tomorrow → après demain
day after day → jour après jour
year after year → année après année
one after the other, one after another → à la suite
She made several phone calls one after the other.; She made several phone calls one after another → Elle a passé plusieurs coups de téléphone à la suite.
to clear up after sb → débarrasser derrière qn
He ran after me → Il a couru après moi.
after you! → après vous!
to shout after sb → crier à qn
(US) (telling the time) quarter after two → deux heures et quart
it's ten after eight → il est huit heures dix
after all → après tout
(expressing hierarchy)après
the second biggest, after Germany → le plus grand après l'Allemagne
(trying to get) to be after sth/sb → chercher qch/qn
What are you after? → Que cherchez-vous?
Who are you after? → Qui cherchez-vous?
He's after Rick's job!
BUT Il veut le boulot de Rick!.
The police are after him → La police le cherche.
to be named after sb/sth → porter le nom de qn/qch
to name sb/sth after sb/sth → appeler qn/qch d'après qn/qch, appeler qn/qch d'après le nom de qn/qch
Virginia named the baby after her uncle → Virginia a appelé le bébé d'après le nom de son oncle.
soon after → peu après
conjaprès que, après avoir (or être) + pp
after I'd had a rest → après m'être reposé
after having asked → après avoir demandé
after doing sth → après avoir fait qch
after flying to London → après avoir pris l'avion pour Londres


nNachgeburt f
nNachbrenner m
n (of convalescent)Nachbehandlung f, → Nachsorge f; (of ex-prisoner)Resozialisierungshilfe f
nAchterdeck nt
adj coffee, conversationnach dem Essen; after walk/napVerdauungsspaziergang m/-schlaf m; after speechTischrede f
n (of illness) (Psych) → Nachwirkung f; (of events etc also)Folge f
n (of sun)Abendrot nt, → Abendleuchten nt; (fig)angenehme Erinnerung
adj attr (in shops etc) → nach Geschäftsschluss; (in pubs) → nach der Polizeistunde; (in office etc) → nach der Arbeit, nach Dienstschluss
n (Psych) → Nachempfindung f, → Nachbild nt
nLeben ntnach dem Tode
adj to have an after napein Mittagsschläfchen halten
nNachwirkungen pl; in the after of somethingnach etw; the country was still suffering the after of wardas Land litt immer noch an den Folgen or Auswirkungen des Krieges
adj (Naut) → hinterste(r, s)


plNachwehen pl
after-sales service
nKundendienst m
aftershave (lotion)
nAftershave nt, → Rasierwasser nt
n (of earthquake)Nachbeben nt
adjAfter-Sun-; after lotion/creamAfter-Sun-Lotion f/-Creme f
n (= lotion)After-Sun-Lotion f; (= cream)After-Sun-Creme f
n (lit, fig)Nachgeschmack m; to leave an unpleasant aftereinen unangenehmen Nachgeschmack hinterlassen
adj profits etcnach Steuern, nach Steuerabzug
nnachträgliche or zusätzliche Idee; if you have any afters about …wenn Ihnen noch irgendetwas zu … einfällt; he added as an afterfügte er hinzu, schickte er nach; I just mentioned that as an afterdas fiel mir noch dazu or nachträglich ein; the window was added as an afterdas Fenster kam erst später dazu
n (Tech, Chem) → Nachbehandlung f


adj attr (Naut) → Achter-; the after deckdas Achterdeck


(time) → nach (+dat); after dinnernach dem Essen; after thatdanach; the day after tomorrowübermorgen; the week after nextdie übernächste Woche; I’ll be back the week after nextich bin übernächste Woche wieder da; it was after two o’clockes war nach zwei; ten after eight (US) → zehn nach acht
(order) → nach (+dat), → hinter (+dat); (in priorities etc) → nach (+dat); the noun comes after the verbdas Substantiv steht nach or hinter dem Verb; I would put Keats after Shelleyfür mich rangiert Keats unter Shelley; after Germany, Japan is our biggest marketnach Deutschland ist Japan unser größter Markt; after younach Ihnen; I was after him (in queue etc) → ich war nach ihm dran; after you with the saltkann ich das Salz nach dir haben?
(place) → hinter (+dat); he shut the door after himer machte die Tür hinter ihm zu; turn right about a mile after the villagebiegen Sie etwa eine Meile nach dem Dorf rechts ab; to shout after somebodyhinter jdm herrufen or -schreien; to shout something after somebodyjdm etw nachrufen
(= as a result of)nach (+dat); after what has happenednach allem, was geschehen ist; after this you might believe mejetzt wirst du mir vielleicht endlich glauben
(= in spite of) to do something after alletw schließlich doch tun; after all our efforts!und das, nachdem or wo (inf)wir uns so viel Mühe gegeben haben!; after all I’ve done for you!und das nach allem, was ich für dich getan habe!; after all, he is your brotherer ist immerhin or schließlich dein Bruder; and to do this after I had warned himund das, nachdem ich ihn gewarnt hatte
(succession) → nach (+dat); you tell me lie after liedu erzählst mir eine Lüge nach der anderen, du belügst mich am laufenden Band; it’s just one thing after another or the otheres kommt eins nach dem anderen or eins zum anderen; one after the othereine(r, s) nach der/dem anderen; one after the other she rejected all the offerssie schlug ein Angebot nach dem anderen aus; day after dayTag für or um Tag; we marched on for mile after milewir marschierten Meile um Meile weiter; before us lay mile after mile of barren desertvor uns erstreckte sich meilenweit trostlose Wüste
(manner: = according to) → nach (+dat); after El Grecoin der Art von El Greco, nach El Greco; she takes after her mothersie schlägt ihrer Mutter nach
(pursuit, inquiry) to be after somebody/somethinghinter jdm/etw her sein; she asked or inquired after yousie hat sich nach dir erkundigt; what are you after?was willst du?; he’s just after a free meal/a bit of excitementer ist nur auf ein kostenloses Essen/ein bisschen Abwechslung aus
adv (time, order) → danach; (place, pursuit) → hinterher; for years/weeks afternoch Jahre/Wochen or jahrelang/wochenlang danach; the year/week afterdas Jahr/die Woche danach or darauf; I’ll be back some time the year afterich komme irgendwann im Jahr danach or im darauffolgenden Jahr wieder; soon afterkurz danach or darauf; what comes after?was kommt danach or nachher?; the car drove off with the dog running afterdas Auto fuhr los und der Hund rannte hinterher
conjnachdem; after he had closed the door he began to speaknachdem er die Tür geschlossen hatte, begann er zu sprechen; what will you do after he’s gone?was machst du, wenn er weg ist?; after finishing it I will …wenn ich das fertig habe, werde ich …; after arriving they went …nachdem sie angekommen waren, gingen sie …
adj in after yearsin späteren Jahren
n afters
pl (Brit inf) → Nachtisch m; what’s for afters?was gibts hinterher or als or zum Nachtisch?


1. adv (afterwards) → dopo
the day after → il giorno dopo or seguente
2. prep
a. (time, order, place) → dopo
day after day → giorno dopo giorno
for kilometre after kilometre → per chilometri e chilometri
you tell me lie after lie → mi stai dicendo una bugia dopo l'altra
time after time → tantissime volte
after dinner → dopo cena
the day after tomorrow → dopodomani
soon after eating it → poco dopo averlo mangiato
after all → dopotutto, malgrado tutto
half after two (Am) → le due e mezzo
one after the other → uno/a dopo l'altro/a
shut the door after you → chiudi la porta dietro di te
after you! → prima lei!, dopo di lei!
b. (in pursuit) → dietro
he ran after me → mi è corso dietro, mi ha rincorso
the police are after him → è ricercato dalla polizia
what/who are you after? (fam) → (che) cosa/chi cerca?
3. conjdopo che
after he had eaten he went out → dopo aver mangiato or che ebbe mangiato uscì
4. adj (Naut) → poppiero/a


(ˈaːftə) preposition
1. later in time or place than. After the car came a bus.
2. following (often indicating repetition). one thing after another; night after night.
3. behind. Shut the door after you!
4. in search or pursuit of. He ran after the bus.
5. considering. After all I've done you'd think he'd thank me; It's sad to fail after all that work.
6. (American. in telling the time) past: It's a quarter after ten.
later in time or place. They arrived soon after.
later than the time when. After she died we moved house twice.
ˈaftermath (-mӕθ) noun
the situation etc resulting from an important, especially unpleasant, event. The country is still suffering from the aftermath of the war.
ˈafterthought noun
a later thought.
ˈafterwards adverb
later or after something else has happened or happens. He told me afterwards that he had not enjoyed the film.
after all
1. (used when giving a reason for doing something etc) taking everything into consideration. I won't invite him. After all, I don't really know him.
2. in spite of everything that has/had happened, been said etc. It turns out he went by plane after all.
be after
to be looking for something. What are you after?; The police are after him.


بَعْد, بَعْدُ, بَعْدَما, وَرَاءَ po, poté, co efter, forbi hinerher, nach, nachdem αφού, μετά, μετά από después de, después de (que), tras jälkeen, ohi, perään après, après que nakon da, dopo, e ・・・した後に, ・・・のあとを, ・・・の後に, ・・・を過ぎて ... 후에, ...을 지나서, ...한 뒤에, 뒤에 achterna, na, nadat, over etter, etter at, forbi po, za, zaraz po (tym jak) atrás de, depois, depois de, depois que, ir atrás de, para além de после, после того как efter, förbi ไล่ตาม, ผ่าน, ภายหลัง, หลังจาก ardından, arkasından, geçiyor, sonra qua, sau, sau khi 在...之后, 在…之后, 越过, 过后


prep. después;
adv. después, más tarde;
___ effectsconsecuencias, secuelas; acción retardada de una droga;
___ treatmenttratamiento de recuperación.


adv después (de); after you eat..después de comer; prep después de; after a week..después de una semana; — meals después de las comidas; the day — el día después