ad hominem

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ad hom·i·nem

 (hŏm′ə-nĕm′, -nəm)
1. Attacking a person's character or motivations rather than a position or argument: The candidates agreed to focus on the issues rather than making ad hominem attacks against each other.
2. Appealing to the emotions rather than to logic or reason.

[Latin : ad, to + hominem, accusative of homō, person.]

ad hom′i·nem′ adv.
Usage Note: Those readers who have studied Latin will know that the preposition ad means "to" or "toward" and that the hominem of ad hominem is an inflected form of the noun homo ("person"), making the literal meaning of the phrase "toward the person." But toward which person? Though ad hominem is usually used nowadays to describe a personal attack, the homo of ad hominem was originally the audience to whom an argument was addressed, not the opponent at whom a personal attack is directed. The phrase denoted an argument designed to appeal to the listener's emotions rather than to reason, as in the sentence That candidate's evocation of pity for the small farmer struggling to maintain his property is a purely ad hominem argument for reducing inheritance taxes. This usage had already begun to wane by the 1990s: in our 1997 survey, only 37 percent of the Usage Panel found this sentence acceptable, and in our 2013 survey, only 34 percent did. The phrase is now chiefly used to describe an argument based on the personal traits of an adversary rather than on the merits of the case: Ad hominem attacks on one's opponent are a tried-and-true strategy for people who have a case that is weak. This sentence was acceptable to 90 percent of the Panel in 1997 and 98 percent in 2013. The expression also has a looser use in referring to any personal attack, whether or not it is part of an argument, as in It isn't in the best interests of the nation for the press to attack him in this personal, ad hominem way. This use was acceptable to 65 percent of the Panel in 1997 and to 72 percent in 2013.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ad hominem

(æd ˈhɒmɪˌnɛm)
adj, adv
1. directed against a person rather than against his arguments
2. based on or appealing to emotion rather than reason
[literally: to the man]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ad ho•mi•nem

(æd ˈhɒm ə nəm, -ˌnɛm)
1. appealing to one's prejudice, emotions, or special interests rather than to one's reason.
2. attacking an opponent's character rather than answering an argument.
3. in an ad hominem manner.
[< Latin: literally, to the man]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ad hominem

A Latin phrase meaning to the man, often used to describe attacks made on an opponent’s character as opposed to his arguments.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: hominem - appealing to personal considerations (rather than to fact or reason); "ad hominem arguments"
personal - concerning or affecting a particular person or his or her private life and personality; "a personal favor"; "for your personal use"; "personal papers"; "I have something personal to tell you"; "a personal God"; "he has his personal bank account and she has hers"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
"I hesitate," said Don Quixote, "because it is not lawful for me to draw sword against persons of squirely condition; but call my squire Sancho to me; for this defence and vengeance are his affair and business."
According to Okah-Donli, the states are expected to domesticate the Violence Against Person's Prohibition (VAPA) Act 2015 to guard against human rights violation across the states.
Alfaro was charged for robbery with intimidation and violence against person pending before Regional Trial Court Branch 16 - Davao City.
Albayalde said there were a total of 37,864 crime against person reported since 2016 but the official did not say how many of them are murder and homicide cases.
CCPO said they had categorized crimes into two parts as crime against person and crime against property.
In 2007, 172,140 offences against person and property were recorded; in 2006 the number was 175,147.
CRIME +/- (%) Violence against person - 2 Violence against person with injury - 3 Violence against person without injury + 1 Sexual offences - 2 Robbery - 12 Burglary (dwelling) - 2 Burglary (other than dwelling) + 3 Vehicles offences 0 Bicycle theft - 6 Shoplifting - 4 Criminal damage and arson 0 Drugs offences - 12 Possession of weapons - 17 Public order offences - 7 TOTAL CRIME (EXCLUDING FRAUD) - 3
Gideon Ines, director of the MCPS Crimes Against Person Section, said an investigation into the incident had started with Bobadilla's relatives filing a complaint against the doctors.
In 2017, police registered 7,870 cases under the head of 'others' in the category of crime against person while in 2016 the police had reported 8,090 cases under the head of other crimes against person.
NTV said this was the first trial against person who allegedly took part in the failed coup attempt.
LAHORE -- Crime against person and crime against property is on the rise across the Punjab province.
The provincial police registered an overall 292,188 cases of crime during the first nine months of 2018 with substantial increase in the incidents of crime against person and crime against property.