agrobacterium


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Related to agrobacterium: Rhizobium

ag·ro·bac·te·ri·um

 (ăg′rō-băk-tîr′ē-əm)
n. pl. ag·ro·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various aerobic, chiefly phytopathogenic bacteria of the genus Agrobacterium, especially A. tumefaciens, the cause of crown gall in plants. A. tumefaciens is used to construct transgenic plants because it transfers genetic material to plant cells when it infects them.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.agrobacterium - small motile bacterial rods that can reduce nitrates and cause galls on plant stemsAgrobacterium - small motile bacterial rods that can reduce nitrates and cause galls on plant stems
bacteria genus - a genus of bacteria
family Rhizobiaceae, Rhizobiaceae - a small family of rod-shaped bacteria
Agrobacterium tumefaciens - the bacteria that produce crown gall disease in plants
References in periodicals archive ?
Grapevine crown gall, as one of the most important diseases of grapevine around the world, (2,3) is caused mainly by Rhizobium vitis (Ti) [= Agrobacterium vitis (Ti), A.
Currently, the transgenic methods commonly used for most of the plants include the Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated technique and particle bombardment.
Several bacterial species belonging to different genera including Pseudomonas, Agrobacterium, Flavobacterium, Arthrobacter, Enterobacter, Stenotrophomonas, Sphingomonas, Burkholderia, Serratia and Bacillus, have been characterized possessing the capability to hydrolyze OP compounds (Horne et al.
Later, meristem based many cultures were used for Agrobacterium mediated transformations in cotton [14], rice [15], banana [16], corn [17], pea [18] etc.
radiobacter (previously considered Agrobacterium radiobacter), an additional experiment was performed to determine the pathogenicity of the Rhizobium strains on sunflower plants (Helianthus annus) and found that these strains are not tumorogenic.
El interes en inducir morfogenesis adventicia radica en que es uno de los principales factores limitantes que previene el desarrollo de tecnologias de transformacion genetica empleando Agrobacterium tumefaciens y otros medios de transferencia de genes, ya que se requiere de celulas en desarrollo para integrar el ADN foraneo en el genoma de la especie en cuestion.
In 1982, we harnessed the gene-transfer mechanism of the bacterium Agrobacterium in order to produce a transgenic plant.
Most genetically modified plants are generated by the biolistic method (particle gun) or by Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation.