The legendary Panjshiri leader, Ahmad Shah Masoud
, who was the only mujahedeen leader undefeated by Taliban was killed in a fidayeen Taliban blast just two days before 9/11.
He continued to support the Soviet puppet government in Afghanistan even after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, until 1992 when, in true Dostum style, he switched sides and joined the legendary Mujahideen commander Ahmad Shah Masoud
, an ethnic Tajik and, like Dostum, a member of a minority group in Pashtun-dominated Afghanistan.
Tajiks' newborn identity in the form of Ahmad Shah Masoud
is quite prevalent.
When the Taliban held power in Afghanistan between 1996 and 2001, the forces of Ahmad Shah Masoud
not only held off the militants but kept a firm group on the area, and even made advances toward the Taliban strongholds in the direction of Jalalabad and Kabul.
That announcement set off rebellions by Uzbek and Tajik militia commanders in northern Afghanistan--particularly Abdul Rashid Dostam, who joined prominent mujahedin commander Ahmad Shah Masoud
of the Islamic Society, a largely Tajik party headed by Burhannudin Rabbani.
The three accuse Taliban leaders of atrocities against the Shomali Tajiks in 1996-2001 and of plotting the assassination of their former leader Ahmad Shah Masoud
in September 2001.
The assassination of Ahmad Shah Masoud
on the eve of the 9/11 attacks deprived US troops from an Afghan leader who could have spearheaded the demise of the Taliban regime.
17 on suspicion of having helped arrange the assassination of Afghan guerrilla leader Ahmad Shah Masoud
just before the Sept.
But, in London, Ahmad Wali Masoud, brother of murdered Alliance leader Ahmad Shah Masoud
, said its ground troops were cooperating with US and British air forces.
Two years later, collaboration between the regime's non-Pashtun militia forces, a Tajik-led mu jahideen faction under Ahmad Shah Masoud
, and the Shiite Hezb-e Wahdat party engineered the downfall of the Najibullah government.