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 (räf′sän-jä′nē), Ali Akbar Hashemi Born 1934.
Iranian religious and political leader who served as president from 1989 to 1997. A founding member of the Islamic Republican Party, he sought to improve Iran's economy and its relations with the West.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Biography) Hojatoleslam Hashemi Ali Akbar. born 1934, Iranian politician: president of Iran (1989–97)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌrɑf sɑnˈdʒɑ ni)
Hojatolislam Ali Akbar Hashemi, born 1935, president of Iran 1989–97.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Court documents said that from around 1995 to 2004, at the request of an Iranian official cited as Medhi Hashemi Rafsanjani, the son of Iran's former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Total and intermediaries made illicit payments to middlemen designated by Medhi to help the company.
The death of former Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (L) left a void in contemporary Iranian politics.
9 -- Former Iranian president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani died on Sunday at the age of 82, a big blow to moderates and reformists deprived now of their most influential supporter in the Islamic establishment.
Former Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani died Sunday after being taken to a local hospital to be treated for a heart condition, according to media reports. (http://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-rafsanjani-idUSKBN14S0PU?il=0) Rafsanjani, 82, enjoyed wide influence in Iran a s a supporter of President Hassan Rouhani and an adviser to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. 
As to the elections for membership in the Assembly of Experts, the veteran businessman-turned-politician, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, came first for Tehran, followed by the conservative scholar, Mohammad Kashani, and third came President Hassan Rouhani.
Early tallies of 1.5 million votes counted so far in Tehran - fewer than 20 percent of the capital city's eligible voters - showed Rouhani and his ally, ex-president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani , in the lead for the Assembly of Experts, according to figures given by the Interior Ministry.
However, according to the initial results of Assembly of Experts election so far, former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and President Hassan Rouhani are leading with 692,248 and 652,792 votes respectively.
However, Expediency Council Chairman Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani supported him.
In June,Mc Cully and Chairman of Iran's Expediency Council Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani explored avenues for bolstering and reinvigorating mutual cooperation in Tehran.
" The Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi arrived in Tehran today at the head of an official Iraqi delegation and met with Iranian President Hassan Rowhani, and Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. / End
JEDDAH: ARAB NEWSFormer Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani has expressed his readiness to improve his country's relations with Saudi Arabia.