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or Ax·um  (äk′so͞om′)
A town of northern Ethiopia. From the first to the eighth century ad, it was the capital of an empire that controlled much of northern Ethiopia. According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem and placed in the Church of Saint Mary of Zion, where the rulers of Ethiopia were crowned.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈɑːksʊm) or


(Placename) an ancient town in N Ethiopia, in the Tigre region: capital of the Aksumite Empire (1st to 6th centuries ad). According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


or Ax•um

(ˈɑk sʊm)

a town in N Ethiopia: the capital of an ancient kingdom 1st to c7th centuries b.c.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There, the Christian Aksumites were favorably impressed by the piety of the early Muslims and agreed to grant them asylum and protection from their persecutors.
That this stela is in three sections does assist the process, but it puts into perspective just what an extraordinary achievement it was for Aksumites to first mine the solid granite blocks, carve them so precisely, move them some 4km from their quarries to the royal burial site and then erect them.
The Aksumite kingdom's capital owed much of its prosperity to its location, and its very name gives an indication of the advantage it held.
It is not known how the Aksumites erected the stones, and it still defeats contemporary technology, unable to match the combined force of elephants, slaves and ancient wisdom.
Unfortunately, little is known about them -- how or why they were constructed, the rituals associated with them, how they relate to the adjacent tombs, or Aksumite life in general.
Aksum invaded South Arabia several times during late antiquity, the invasions of 518 and 525 in the reign of the Aksumite king Kaleb being the main focus of this dissertation.