Islam

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Is·lam

 (ĭs-läm′, -lăm′, ĭz-, ĭs′läm′, ĭz′-)
n.
1. A monotheistic religion characterized by the doctrine of absolute submission to God and by reverence for Muhammad as the chief and last prophet of God.
2.
a. The people or nations that practice Islam; the Muslim world.
b. The civilization developed by the Muslim world.

[Arabic 'islām, submission, from 'aslama, to surrender, resign oneself, from Syriac 'ašlem, to make peace, surrender, derived stem of šlem, to be complete; see šlm in Semitic roots.]

Islam

(ˈɪzlɑːm)
n
1. (Islam) the religion of Muslims, having the Koran as its sacred scripture and teaching that there is only one God and that Mohammed is his prophet; Mohammedanism
2. (Islam)
a. Muslims collectively and their civilization
b. the countries where the Muslim religion is predominant
[C19: from Arabic: surrender (to God), from aslama to surrender]
Isˈlamic adj

Is•lam

(ɪsˈlɑm, -ˈlæm, ɪz-, ˈɪs ləm, ˈɪz-)

n.
1. the religion of the Muslims, as set forth in the Koran, that teaches that there is only one God, Allah, and that Muhammad is His prophet.
2. the whole body of Muslim believers, their civilization, and the countries in which theirs is the dominant religion.
[1605–15; < Arabic islām literally, submission (to God)]
Is•lam′ic, Is`lam•it′ic (-ləˈmɪt ɪk) adj.

Islam


a strict follower of the Koran.
the doctrines and practices of a 19th-century Persian sect that formed the basis for the current Baha’i organization, regarded as heretical by orthodox Muslims because its leader proclaimed himself to be the Imam Mahdi, the expected twelfth Imam of the Shiite sect, who would establish justice on earth. — Babist, n.
the activities of the Ghazis, fanatics sworn to destroy all infidels.
a member of the Shi’a sect of Muslims, who believe in a succession of twelve divinely inspired imams, from Ali to Muhamad al Muntazar.
the religion of Islam; Muhammadanism. — Islamist, n. — Islamitic, adj.
the tradition in Islam of venerating a shrine in Mecca through pilgrimage and prayers made after turning in its direction. — Kaaba, n., adj.
an adherent of a heretical 9th-century Muslim sect that considers the Koran as mere allegory and is opposed to prayer, fasting, and revelation.
the belief in Mahdi, the Muslim spiritual guide who, on Judgment Day, will lead the faithful to salvation. — Mahdist, n.
the doctrines and practices of the religion founded by the prophet Muhammad and set forth in the Koran. Also called Islam, Islamism. — Muhammadan, Mohammedan, n.
the doctrines of Sultan Abdul-Hamid’s 19th-century political movement that was against the westernization and unification of Islam. — Pan-Islamist, n. — Pan-Islamic, adj.
a 19th-century Islamic brotherhood observing a strict and ascetic religious orthodoxy and practicing militant political activity. Also Senusiya, Sanusiya. — Senusi, Sanusi, n.
the doctrines and practices of Shi’a, one of the two major branches of Islam, regarding Ali, the son-in-law of Muhammad, as the Prophet’s legitimate successor. See also Sunnism. — Shiite, n., adj.
the beliefs and practices of an ascetic, retiring, and mystical sect in Islam. — Sufi, n., adj.
the doctrines and practices of the larger of the two major branches of Islam, regarding as legitimate the first four caliphs after Muhammad’s death and stressing the importance of the traditional portion of Muslim law (the Sunna). See also Shiism. — Sunnite, n., adj.
Obsolete, a Muslim holy man.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Islam - the civilization of Muslims collectively which is governed by the Muslim religion; "Islam is predominant in northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, and Indonesia"
fatwah - (Islam) a legal opinion or ruling issued by an Islamic scholar; "bin Laden issued three fatwahs calling upon Muslims to take up arms against the United States"
Shia, Shiah, Shiah Islam - one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam; mainly in Iran
Sunni Islam, Sunni - one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam
civilization, civilisation - a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations); "the people slowly progressed from barbarism to civilization"
Moslem, Muslim - a believer in or follower of Islam
Islamist - an orthodox Muslim
sigeh - a Shiite tradition of temporary marriage permitted in Iran that allows a couple to specify the terms of their relationship; can last from a few minutes to 99 years; "sigeh legally wraps premarital sex in an Islamic cloak"
2.Islam - the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the KoranIslam - the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; "Islam is a complete way of life, not a Sunday religion"; "the term Muhammadanism is offensive to Muslims who believe that Allah, not Muhammad, founded their religion"
Sunna, Sunnah, hadith - (Islam) the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran
Had crime - (Islam) serious crimes committed by Muslims and punishable by punishments established in the Koran; "Had crimes include apostasy from Islam and murder and theft and adultery"
Tazir crime - (Islam) minor crimes committed by Muslims; crimes that are not mentioned in the Koran so judges are free to punish the offender in any appropriate way; "in some Islamic nations Tazir crimes are set by legislation"
Ramadan - (Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan
Caaba, Kaaba - (Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine; believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham; Muslims turn in its direction when praying
masjid, musjid - (Islam) a Muslim place of worship
mihrab - (Islam) a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca
mihrab - (Islam) a design in the shape of niche in a Muslim prayer rug; during worship the niche must be pointed toward Mecca
mosque - (Islam) a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret
Hadith - (Islam) a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions
pillar of Islam - (Islam) one of the five religious obligations accepted by all Muslims
monotheism - belief in a single God
Mahdism - belief in the appearance of the Mahdi; devotion to a Mahdi
Salafi movement, Salafism - a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels; seek to convert all Muslims and to insure that its own fundamentalist version of Islam will dominate the world
Shiism - the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Wahabism, Wahhabism - a conservative and intolerant form of Islam that is practiced in Saudi Arabia; "Osama bin Laden and his followers practice Wahhabism"
Ta'ziyeh - (Islam) a form of Iranian musical pageant that is the theatrical expression of religious passion; based on the Battle of Kerbala and performed annually (in Farsi)
kismat, kismet - (Islam) the will of Allah
halal - (Islam) meat from animals that have been slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah
Islam Nation, Islamic Ummah, Muslim Ummah, Umma, Ummah - the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan; "moderate Muslims urge the Ummah to reject the terrorism of radical Muslims"
Beelzebub, Devil, Lucifer, Old Nick, Prince of Darkness, Satan, the Tempter - (Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell
djinn, djinni, djinny, genie, jinnee, jinni - (Islam) an invisible spirit mentioned in the Koran and believed by Muslims to inhabit the earth and influence mankind by appearing in the form of humans or animals
shaitan, shaytan - (Islam) a rebellious jinni who leads men astray
eblis - (Islam) the principal evil jinni in Islamic mythology
houri - (Islam) one of the dark-eyed virgins of perfect beauty believed to live with the blessed in Paradise
paynim - a heathen; a person who is not a Christian (especially a Muslim)
imam, imaum - (Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide
Mahdi - (Islam) a messianic leader who (according to popular Muslim belief) will appear before the end of the world and restore justice and religion

Islam

Moslem denominations and sects

Alaouites or Alawites, Druse or Druze, Imami, Ismaili or Isma'ili, Nizari, Shiah, Shia or Shiite, Sufism, Sunni, Wahhabism or Wahabism, Zaidi
Translations
islám
islam
اسلام
islam
islam
iszlám
íslam, múhameîstrú
イスラム教
이슬람교
islamasmusulmonų
islamsmusulmanisms
islam
islamislám
islam
islam
อิสลาม
اسلام
đạo Hồi

Islam

[ˈɪzlɑːm] NIslam m

Islam

[ˈɪzlɑːm] nislam m

Islam

n (= religion)der Islam; (= Moslems collectively)die Moslems pl

Islam

[ˈɪzlɑːm] nIslam m inv

Islam

(ˈizlaːm) noun
the Muslim religion.
Isˈlamic (-ˈlӕ-) adjective
of Islam. Islamic festivals.

Islam

الإِسْلَامُ islám islam Islam Ισλάμ Islam islam Islam islam Islam イスラム教 이슬람교 islam islam islam islamismo, Islão ислам islam อิสลาม Müslümanlık đạo Hồi 伊斯兰教
References in periodicals archive ?
BEIRUT (Reuters) - Zahran Alloush, the head of Jaysh al Islam, one of the most powerful insurgent groups in the rebel-held suburbs of Damascus, was killed in an aerial raid that targeted his group's headquarters, two rebel sources said on Friday.
The ICC in a statement at the Hague said it found that Libya has failed to comply with the requests by the Court: (i) to surrender Saif Al Islam Gaddafi to the Court; and (ii) to return to the Defence of Saif Al-Islam the originals of the documents that were seized by the Libyan authorities from the former Defence counsel for Saif Al-Islam in June 2012 in Zintan, and to destroy any copies thereof.
KHYBER AGENCY -- At least four scouts of a peace organization Toheed Al Islam were killed in a bomb blast in Tera valley on Thursday.
Muammar Gaddafi's son and heir apparent Saif Al Islam has been detained in the southern desert, Libya's interim justice minister and other officials said on Saturday.
Seif al Islam is on the wanted list of the International Criminal Court, ICC, to be charged for crimes against humanity.
The Office of the Prosecutor is galvanizing efforts to implement the arrest warrants issued by Judges of the International Criminal Court against Saif Al Islam Gaddafi and Abdullah Al Senussi.
Dubai Saif Al Islam Gaddafi has accused some Arabs and Libyans of sparking the crisis in the North African country.
He said he had discussed logistics with several Fatah Al Islam members in Lebanon, and that the car used in the bombing was a stolen Iraqi-registered taxi that had operated on the Damascus-Baghdad route.
Saif Al Islam provided the moral support necessary at the start of negotiations with foreign oil companies
On 31 May 2013, the ICC rejected Libya's challenge to the admissibility of the case against Saif Al Islam and reminded Libya of its obligation to surrender the suspect to the court in the Hague.