Jerusalem

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Je·ru·sa·lem

 (jə-ro͞o′sə-ləm, -zə-)
A city divided between east-central Israel and the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Jerusalem was founded as far back as the fourth millennium bc and was ruled by the Canaanites, Hebrews, Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Crusaders, Turks, and British before being divided in 1949 into eastern and western sectors under Israeli and Jordanian control. In 1967, Israeli forces captured the eastern sector from Jordan, later declaring the city as a whole to be the capital of Israel. The legal status of Jerusalem, considered a holy city by Jews, Muslims, and Christians, remains fiercely disputed.

Je·ru′sa·lem·ite′ (-lə-mīt′) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Jerusalem

(dʒəˈruːsələm)
n
1. (Placename) the de facto capital of Israel (recognition of this has been withheld by the United Nations), situated in the Judaean hills: became capital of the Hebrew kingdom after its capture by David around 1000 bc; destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 586 bc; taken by the Romans in 63 bc; devastated in 70 ad and 135 ad during the Jewish rebellions against Rome; fell to the Arabs in 637 and to the Seljuk Turks in 1071; ruled by Crusaders from 1099 to 1187 and by the Egyptians and Turks until conquered by the British (1917); centre of the British mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948, when the Arabs took the old city and the Jews held the new city; unified after the Six Day War (1967) under the Israelis; the holy city of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Pop: 693 200 (2003 est)
2. (Ecclesiastical Terms) the New Jerusalem Christianity Heaven
3. any ideal city
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Je•ru•sa•lem

(dʒɪˈru sə ləm, -zə-)

n.
an ancient holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; divided between Israel and Jordan 1948–67; Jordanian sector annexed by Israel 1967; capital of Israel since 1950. 591,400.
Je•ru′sa•lem•ite`, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Jerusalem

A holy city for Jews and the capital city of the ancient kingdom of Judah. The Western Wall is venerated as the only remaining part of the Temple.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed)Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed); it was captured from Jordan in 1967 in the Six Day War; a holy city for Jews and Christians and Muslims; was the capital of an ancient kingdom
Holy Sepulcher, Holy Sepulchre - the sepulcher in which Christ's body lay between burial and resurrection
Temple of Jerusalem, Temple of Solomon - any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall
Israel, State of Israel, Yisrael, Zion, Sion - Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
Calvary, Golgotha - a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified
Sion, Zion - originally a stronghold captured by David (the 2nd king of the Israelites); above it was built a temple and later the name extended to the whole hill; finally it became a synonym for the city of Jerusalem; "the inhabitants of Jerusalem are personified as `the daughter of Zion'"
Wailing Wall - a wall in Jerusalem; sacred to Jews as a place of prayer and lamentation; its stones are believed to have formed part of the Temple of Solomon
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
Jerusalém

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsələm]
A. NJerusalén f
B. CPD Jerusalem artichoke Naguaturma f, pataca f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsələm] nJérusalemJerusalem artichoke ntopinambour m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Jerusalem

nJerusalem nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsləm] nGerusalemme f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
The children will be accompanied by 5 supervisors from Al Quds, said the Bayt Mal Al-Quds Agency in a statement today, August 9.
Israeli forces detained 10 Palestinians in the West Bank and Al Quds (East Jerusalem) and besieged the Al Quds city council building before withdrawing from the area RAMALLAH - 24 October 2018: Israeli forces detained 10 Palestinians in the West Bank and Al Quds (East Jerusalem) and besieged the Al Quds city council building before withdrawing from the area.
___________________________________________________________________________________________ Tribune News Network - Doha : FOR the sixth year in a row, Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) is conducting a Ramadan iftar project in Al Aqsa Mosque, Al Quds, during the Holy Month of Ramadan.
Embassy in Al Quds neither alters the legal status of the occupied City, nor legitimizes its illegal annexation by Israel, the occupying power.
LAHORE -- The opening ceremony of the Al Quds Ash-Sharif OIC Youth Capital 2018 Programme was held at al-Moqataa Presidential Compound from Feb 6-8, 2018.
Both sides had emphasized the "need to preserve the historic and legal status of the city and to respect international resolutions that stipulate that the status of Al Quds will be determined during negotiations on the final status".
He reiterated that the Holy al-Quds is an inseparable part of Palestine, and said, "Any decision on the future of Al Quds should be made by its original residents, and no other country can ignore its people's absolute rights to decide about the Muslim country."
Jakarta, March 7 (BNA): Minister of Foreign Affairs Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa took part in the fifth extraordinary session of the Islamic Summit on the State of Palestinian and Al Quds, which is being held in Jakarta, Indonesia, under the theme "United for a Just and Permanent Solution".
I promise to pursue my efforts to support the steadfast struggle of the Palestinian people and to push forward the peace process, whose key element is a fair settlement of the issue of Al Quds Al-Sharif." "The road to peace is as long as it is arduous.
Al Quds, Oct 23 (ONA) A delegation from the Omani Journalists Association (OJA) today visited Al Quds University to get familiarized with the university and its academic programs as it is one of the major institutions in Al Quds.
Located in Al Quds Al Sharif (Occupied Jerusalem), it will bear the name of Bahrain and is being established in co-operation with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to help the Palestinian people.