Jerusalem

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Je·ru·sa·lem

 (jə-ro͞o′sə-ləm, -zə-)
A city divided between east-central Israel and the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Jerusalem was founded as far back as the fourth millennium bc and was ruled by the Canaanites, Hebrews, Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Crusaders, Turks, and British before being divided in 1949 into eastern and western sectors under Israeli and Jordanian control. In 1967, Israeli forces captured the eastern sector from Jordan, later declaring the city as a whole to be the capital of Israel. The legal status of Jerusalem, considered a holy city by Jews, Muslims, and Christians, remains fiercely disputed.

Je·ru′sa·lem·ite′ (-lə-mīt′) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Jerusalem

(dʒəˈruːsələm)
n
1. (Placename) the de facto capital of Israel (recognition of this has been withheld by the United Nations), situated in the Judaean hills: became capital of the Hebrew kingdom after its capture by David around 1000 bc; destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 586 bc; taken by the Romans in 63 bc; devastated in 70 ad and 135 ad during the Jewish rebellions against Rome; fell to the Arabs in 637 and to the Seljuk Turks in 1071; ruled by Crusaders from 1099 to 1187 and by the Egyptians and Turks until conquered by the British (1917); centre of the British mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948, when the Arabs took the old city and the Jews held the new city; unified after the Six Day War (1967) under the Israelis; the holy city of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Pop: 693 200 (2003 est)
2. (Ecclesiastical Terms) the New Jerusalem Christianity Heaven
3. any ideal city
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Je•ru•sa•lem

(dʒɪˈru sə ləm, -zə-)

n.
an ancient holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; divided between Israel and Jordan 1948–67; Jordanian sector annexed by Israel 1967; capital of Israel since 1950. 591,400.
Je•ru′sa•lem•ite`, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Jerusalem

A holy city for Jews and the capital city of the ancient kingdom of Judah. The Western Wall is venerated as the only remaining part of the Temple.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed)Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed); it was captured from Jordan in 1967 in the Six Day War; a holy city for Jews and Christians and Muslims; was the capital of an ancient kingdom
Holy Sepulcher, Holy Sepulchre - the sepulcher in which Christ's body lay between burial and resurrection
Temple of Jerusalem, Temple of Solomon - any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall
Israel, State of Israel, Yisrael, Zion, Sion - Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
Calvary, Golgotha - a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified
Sion, Zion - originally a stronghold captured by David (the 2nd king of the Israelites); above it was built a temple and later the name extended to the whole hill; finally it became a synonym for the city of Jerusalem; "the inhabitants of Jerusalem are personified as `the daughter of Zion'"
Wailing Wall - a wall in Jerusalem; sacred to Jews as a place of prayer and lamentation; its stones are believed to have formed part of the Temple of Solomon
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
Jerusalém

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsələm]
A. NJerusalén f
B. CPD Jerusalem artichoke Naguaturma f, pataca f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsələm] nJérusalemJerusalem artichoke ntopinambour m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Jerusalem

nJerusalem nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsləm] nGerusalemme f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
"Al-Quds University has provided the world with hundreds of graduates who could make positive and qualitative change in their societies both in Palestine and the broader world," said Professor Abu Kishek.
[15/May/2018] SANAA, May 15 (Saba) -- Tens of thousands of Yemeni people took to the streets in the capital Sanaa on Tuesday to protest against the United States opening of its embassy in al-Quds (Jerusalem).
NNA - Maronite Patriarch Cardinal Bechara Boutros Rahi called for prayers for peace and Al-Quds, saying that the City of Al-Quds should not be exclusive to one religion or leadership.
The Summit emphasized the centrality of the cause of Palestine and Al-Quds Al-Sharif to all humanity, as it is the main reason for the establishment of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), stressing that it will not be possible for the Islamic nation to strongly defend its issues at the global level except through unity and solidarity, renewing the commitment to the terms and provisions of the Charters of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the United Nations and the principles of international law.
ISLAMABAD -- Pakistan Wednesday called upon the United States to refrain from any move that alters the legal and historical status as well as character of Al-Quds Al-Sharif and fully comply with all applicable UN Security Council resolutions.
Damascus, SANA-Endowments Ministry affirmed Thursday Jerusalem is an Islamic right, saying that liberating Jerusalem, al-Aqsa mosque and whole Palestine is a religious duty on the nation as abandoning the Islamic sovereignty on al-Quds and Palestine is not less dangerous than the occupation attempts to judize this city.
Manama: August 14 -- (BNA) -- In compliance with a Royal directive from His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa the Honorary President of the Royal Charity Organization (RCO), a delegation from the RCO departs to Al-Quds Al-Sharif (Jerusalem) today (Thursday: August 15, 2013).
The report highlighted the importance attached by Morocco to the celebration of Al Quds as the capital of Arab culture 2009, noting that HM King Mohammed VI, Chairman of the Al-Quds Committee, granted the Agency a donation worth 57 million dirhams, the majority of which was devoted to implementing vital projects in the holy city (25 million dirhams) and Gaza (25 million dirhams).The remaining five million dirhams were earmarked to the festivities marking the celebration of Al Quds as the 2009 Arab culture capital.
participates in Al-Quds International Forum on Wednesday.
Al-Quds reported that Israeli forces raided the Qalqilya-district town of Azzun, the Ramallah-district town of Ein Yabrud and the Hebron-district camp of al-Arroub, triggering confrontations with Palestinian residents.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The Palestinian leadership denounced the latest decision by the Australian government to recognize Jerusalem al-Quds as the capital of the Israeli regime, describing the move as "irresponsible" and in violation of international law.
"While Al-Quds University has one of the leading models on this critical subject, our work in this field extends beyond the gates of this academic institution.