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 (tĕs′ə-fŏn′, tē′sə-)
An ancient city of central Iraq on the Tigris River southeast of Baghdad. As the residence of Parthian kings it was renowned for its splendor. The Arabs captured and plundered the city in 637.


(Placename) an ancient city on the River Tigris about 100 km (60 miles) above Babylon. First mentioned in 221 bc, it was destroyed in the 7th and 8th centuries ad


(ˈtɛs əˌfɒn)

a ruined city in Iraq, on the Tigris, near Baghdad: an ancient capital of Parthia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Baghdad/ National Iraqi News Agency / Nina / Three people were killed and 13 others were injured in the explosion of two explosive devices in Al-She'la region northwest of Baghdad and in al-Madain southern it.
Separately, another suicide bomber struck an army checkpoint with his explosive-packed car in al-Madain area, some 30 km southeast of Baghdad, killing two soldiers and wounding five others, an Interior Ministry source told Xinhua on the condition of anonymity.
Five other people were killed and 34 were wounded in separate attacks in the Southern city of Basra, located about 550 kilometers (340 miles) Southeast of Baghdad, and the central towns of Mahmoudiyah and al-Madain.
In a separate incident, four people were killed, including a local leader of a government-backed Sahwa paramilitary group, in a car bomb explosion in al-Madain area, some 30 km southwest of Baghdad, the source said.
Meanwhile, the source added that an improvised bomb exploded in Al-Madain area south of Baghdad targeting a police patrol, killing two officers and injuring another, while six civilians were also injured.
In ancient times, Iraq was part of the Persian Empire, whose capital Al-Madain was in the middle of Iraq.