Niemann-Pick disease

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Nie·mann-Pick disease

An inherited disorder of lipid metabolism characterized by the accumulation of lipids in the spleen and liver and sometimes in the lungs, bone marrow, and brain. It is divided into several types, one of which occurs chiefly in infants of eastern European Jewish descent.

[After Albert Niemann (1880-1921), German pediatrician, and Ludwig Pick (1868-1944), German pathologist.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Niemann-Pick disease - a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
inborn error of metabolism - any of a number of diseases in which an inherited defect (usually a missing or inadequate enzyme) results in an abnormality of metabolism
autosomal recessive defect, autosomal recessive disease - a disease caused by the presence of two recessive mutant genes on an autosome
lipidosis - a disorder of lipid metabolism; abnormal levels of certain fats accumulate in the body
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References in periodicals archive ?
DISCUSSION: Albert Niemann published the first description of what is now known as Niemann-Pick disease, type A, in 1914.
Para el caso de la cocaina, fue el aleman Albert Niemann (1834-1861), quien aislo el alcaloide en 1860 a partir de la hoja de coca y fueron muchos los medicos que promovieron su uso, entre ellos Sigmund Freud, Robert Christison y Johns Hopkins.
This effect was eventually documented by Albert Niemann, a chemistry graduate student working in the laboratory of Friedrich Wohler, one of the fathers of organic chemistry.