Zahid Pervaiz said that basic protective steps are easy to follow if we ensure, when we buying (or caring for) animals, it is advisable to remain appropriately covered by wearing full sleeved shirt, preferably buttoned, and shoes with socks, application of a suitable insect repellent on the expose area of the body and shower, bath and change cloths as soon returning home from the animal/animal market, during "qurbani" if possible, mouth & nose, hands must be kept clean through frequent washing, if soap & water is not available, plain water or a tissue should be used to clean as much blood as possible with subsequent application of any commercially available rectified spirit or alcohol rub.
The findings of this study showed that there was no significant difference in the reduction of microbial burden on the hands when using either an antimicrobial solution such as povidone iodine, or soap followed by an alcohol rub, as part of the surgical hand washing procedure.
"The use of rewards and/or sanctions for acceptable or unacceptable behaviour, as well as social marketing techniques, are important considerations." Dr Vivienne Nathanson, the BMA's head of science and ethics, said the best way for staff to keep their hands clean was a "belt and braces approach" of washing hands with soap and water followed by using an alcohol rub. She said measures like deep cleaning and bare "below the elbows" needed to be part of a package of long-term measures and regular, thorough cleaning of hospitals.