His other subjects include the Enlightenment, Giambattista Vico, Vissarion Belinsky, Alexander Herzen
Polezhaev was arrested not long after the Decembrist uprising, not for participating in any antimonarchist conspiracies, or even for his explicitly liberal poetry, but rather for writing Sashka, a ribald parody of Evgenii Onegin, The poet was later canonized by the likes of Alexander Herzen
as a "dekabrist bez dekabria." Peschio demonstrates that Polezhaev's text was politically dangerous because its playfulness was in itself subversive.
The Christian humanist ideals of this group have much in common with the liberal ideals of the 19th century writers and thinkers like Tolstoy and Alexander Herzen
, but find new relevance in the 20th century as the society senses the prospects for a successful revolution.
Radical socialist Alexander Herzen
and his fellow exiles furnish one example; this oppositionist strand operated from exile in London and Europe.
The Discovery of Chance: The Life and Thought of Alexander Herzen
In the 19th cen the famous Russian essayist and thinker Alexander Herzen
made the city his home.
His collection of essays, Russian Thinkers, focused on several of his intellectual heroes, most notably the journalist and revolutionary activist Alexander Herzen
, the writers Ivan Turgenev and Leo Tolstoi, and the literary critic Vissarion Belinskii.
Yet it is worth recalling what Pierre-Joseph Proudhon reportedly told the Russian intellectual Alexander Herzen
: "And do you imagine that once a thing has been said, it is enough?
A reader familiar with Utopia could imagine her guiding principle in the mouth of Alexander Herzen
, the play's radically pragmatic protagonist: "People and the work!
That being said, Ward's attraction to some forms of pluralist liberalism - in Isaiah Berlin or Alexander Herzen
and his modern promoters - was alien to the mindset of Thompson and other New Leftists (perhaps with the exception of old Guild Socialist/pluralist, G.D.H.
In the Soviet period it was renamed after Alexander Herzen
, a Russian author and thinker, without any Jewish roots.