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A country of northwest Africa bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. The region was settled c. 2000 bc by Berber-speaking people and later formed a part of the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman empires. Arab invaders in the seventh and eighth centuries introduced Islam and the Arabic language and culture. A French territory from 1848, Algeria gained its independence in 1962 after more than seven years of fighting. Algiers is the capital and the largest city.
Al·ge′ri·an adj. & n.
(Placename) a republic in NW Africa, on the Mediterranean: became independent in 1962, after more than a century of French rule; one-party constitution adopted in 1976; religious extremists led a campaign of violence from 1988 until 2000; consists chiefly of the N Sahara, with the Atlas Mountains in the north, and contains rich deposits of oil and natural gas. Official languages: Arabic and Berber; French also widely spoken. Religion: Muslim. Currency: dinar. Capital: Algiers. Pop: 38 087 812 (2013 est). Area: about 2 382 800 sq km (920 000 sq miles). French name: Algérie
Al•ge•ri•a(ælˈdʒɪər i ə)
a republic in NW Africa: gained independence from France 1962. 31,133,486; 919,352 sq. mi. (2,381,122 sq. km). Cap.: Algiers.
Al•ger′i•an, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Algeria - a republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea with a population that is predominantly Sunni Muslim; colonized by France in the 19th century but gained autonomy in the early 1960s|
Armed Islamic Group, GIA - a terrorist organization of Islamic extremists whose violent activities began in 1992; aims to overthrow the secular Algerian regime and replace it with an Islamic state; "the GIA has embarked on a terrorist campaign of civilian massacres"
GSPC, Salafast Group for Call and Combat, Salafist Group - an Algerian extremist Islamic offshoot of the Armed Islamic Group; now the largest and most active armed terrorist group in Algeria that seeks to overthrow the government; a major source of support and recruitment for al-Qaeda operations in Europe and northern Africa
Arab League - an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation
OPEC, Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries - an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
Maghreb, Mahgrib - the region of northwest Africa comprising the Atlas Mountains and the coastlands of Morocco and Algeria and Tunisia
Algerian capital, Algiers - an ancient port on the Mediterranean; the capital and largest city of Algeria
Annaba - a port city of northeastern Algeria near the Tunisian border
Batna - a town in north central Algeria
Blida - a city in northern Algeria at the foot of the Atlas Mountains to the southwest of Algiers
Oran - a port city in northwestern Algeria and the country's 2nd largest city
Constantine - a walled city in northeastern Algeria to the east of Algiers; was destroyed in warfare in the 4th century and rebuilt by Constantine I
Djanet - a desert town in southeastern Algeria
Hippo, Hippo Regius - an ancient Numidian town in northwestern Africa adjoining present-day Annaba in northeastern Algeria
Reggane - a town in central Algeria
Timgad - an ancient town founded by the Romans; noted for extensive and well-preserved ruins
Timimoun - a town in central Algeria in the Atlas Mountains
Atlas Mountains - a mountain range in northern Africa between the Mediterranean and the Sahara Desert; extends from southwestern Morocco to northern Tunisia
Algerian - a native or inhabitant of Algeria
Algeria[ælˈdʒɪərɪə] N → Argelia f
n → Algerien nt