are scattered throughout the literature on Algonkian
tribes of the
While Wilbur's great photos and Suzanne's collection details, and museum approvals were essential to the publication of this series, the ethnographic story of Cheyenne Thunderbird symbology in moccasin beadwork design could not have been told without the earlier efforts of Tyrone Stewart  and Mike Cowdrey , two other important researchers of Native American Cultures, who I believe have made lasting contributions to our understanding of Cheyenne material culture and their use of Algonkian
symbology in their beadwork embroidery.
The Mythology of the Northern and Northeastern Algonkians
In Reference to Algonkian
Mythology as a Whole (pp.
By doing so, however, he overlooks, or at least underplays, how the value of pimadaziwin informs the interrelational nature of the Algonkian
Dogs, antelope, deer, horses, and panthers, including the mythic Algonkian
Under Water Panther come readily to mind as important quadrupeds which might have been symbolized in Cheyenne beadwork.
Tantaquidgeon, Gladys 1972 Folk Medicine of the Delaware and Related Algonkian
While Gordon Fritz, the dealer who sold these moccasins to the Bata Shoe Museum described the central vamp design as a Thunderbird or Eagle, it is clearly another example of the Cheyenne use of Algonkian
Thunderbird symbology in their beadwork embroidery.
Edited by linguists Robert Leavitt of the University of New Brunswick and David Francis of the Passamaquoddy-Maliseet Bilingual Program at Pleasant Point, this booklet offers not only Mitchell's "Wampum Records," but also two other previously published papers-frank Speck's 1915 article "The Eastern Algonkian
Wabanaki Confederacy" and Willard Walker's "Wabanaki Wampum Protocol" (1984).
In regards to this pair, with a Thunderbird on the vamp, I believe that Mike Cowdrey's perspective reprinted here from Part I may provide a clue: Mike believes that there is a clear distinction between Algonkian
Upper World (Thunderbird) and Under World (Water Monster) designs, and In design terms, this means that the symbols representing the two realms usually alternate.
In some of the narratives, the Algonkian
spirit world inhabited by such unseen figures as Hobomock - whose name in Naragansett was cognate with words for death, disease, and the northeast wind-overlapped with that of the "invisible" demons of Anglo-American witchcraft.
Notable among these remotely scattered groups are the Innu, an Algonkian
people of Quebec and Labrador in eastern Canada, closely related to the Cree-speaking peoples on the east coast of James Bay.
Cowdrey believes that there is a clear distinction between Algonkian
Upper World (Thunderbird) and Under World (Water Monster) designs; In design terms, this means that the symbols representing the two realms usually alternate.