algorithm

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al·go·rithm

 (ăl′gə-rĭth′əm)
n.
A finite set of unambiguous instructions that, given some set of initial conditions, can be performed in a prescribed sequence to achieve a certain goal and that has a recognizable set of end conditions.

[Variant (probably influenced by arithmetic) of algorism.]

al′go·rith′mic (-rĭth′mĭk) adj.
al′go·rith′mi·cal·ly adv.
Word History: Because of its popularity over the last century, one might figure algorithm for a new coinage. The source of algorithm, however, is not Silicon Valley but Khwarizm, a region near the Aral Sea in south-central Asia and the birthplace of the ninth-century mathematician Muhammad ibn-Musa al-Khwarizmi (780?-850?). Al-Khwarizmi, "the Khwarizmian," who later lived in Baghdad, wrote a treatise on what is called algorism, or the use of Arabic numerals for mathematical computation. Despite the name by which the Arabic numerals are known in Europe, these symbols, as well as the methods for using them, were actually developed in ancient India. Europeans learned to use the numerals, however, through treatises written in Arabic by mathematicians working in the Muslim world. Algorism, the English word for computation with Arabic numerals, is derived from Al-Khwarizmi's name. The word algorithm originated as a variant spelling of algorism, probably under the influence of the word arithmetic or its Greek source arithmos, "number." With the development of sophisticated mechanical computing devices in the 20th century, algorithm was adopted as a convenient word for a recursive mathematical procedure, the computer's stock-in-trade. In its new life as a computer term, algorithm, no longer a variant of algorism, nevertheless reminds us of the debt that modern technology owes to the scientists and scholars of ancient and medieval times.

algorithm

(ˈælɡəˌrɪðəm)
n
1. (Mathematics) a logical arithmetical or computational procedure that if correctly applied ensures the solution of a problem. Compare heuristic
2. (Mathematics) logic maths a recursive procedure whereby an infinite sequence of terms can be generated
French name: algorism
[C17: changed from algorism, through influence of Greek arithmos number]
ˌalgoˈrithmic adj
ˌalgoˈrithmically adv

al•go•rithm

(ˈæl gəˌrɪð əm)

n.
1. a set of rules for solving a problem in a finite number of steps, as for finding the greatest common divisor.
2. a sequence of steps designed for programming a computer to solve a specific problem.
[1890–95; alter. of algorism, by association with Greek arithmós number. compare arithmetic]
al`go•rith′mic, adj.

al·go·rithm

(ăl′gə-rĭth′əm)
A step-by-step procedure for solving a problem, especially a mathematical rule or procedure used to compute a desired result.

algorithm

any methodology for solving a certain kind of problem.
See also: Mathematics
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.algorithm - a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problemalgorithm - a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
formula, rule - (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems; "he determined the upper bound with Descartes' rule of signs"; "he gave us a general formula for attacking polynomials"
sorting algorithm - an algorithm for sorting a list
stemming algorithm, stemmer - an algorithm for removing inflectional and derivational endings in order to reduce word forms to a common stem
Translations
алгоритъм
algoritmus
algoritmi
algoritam
algoritma
reiknirit
アルゴリズム
algoritmas
algoritm

algorithm

[ˈælgəˌrɪðəm] Nalgoritmo m

algorithm

[ˈælgərɪðəm] nalgorithme m
computer algorithm → algorithme informatique genetic algorithm

algorithm

nAlgorithmus m

algorithm

[ˈælgəˌrɪðm] n (Comput) → algoritmo

al·go·rithm

n. algoritmo, método aritmético y algebraico que se usa en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de una enfermedad.
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 EQUITYBITES-February 4, 2015-SmartStream Acquires IBM's Algorithmics Collateral Assets
Risk solutions provider Algorithmics announced on Tuesday the launch of a new edition of its existing solution, Portfolio Construction and Risk Management for Pension Funds, to help pension funds better manage their funding status.
IBM plans to acquire risk analytics company Algorithmics for US$387 million, a deal that IBM saidwill bolster its risk management offerings in light of increasing regulation in the financial markets.
com)-- The Algorithmics is internationally known as the leading market provider of risk solutions.
Michael Zerbs, President and Chief Operating Officer of Algorithmics, comments, "Innovation in financial markets has resulted in market risk, credit risk, credit operations and asset liability management becoming interrelated and dependent.
Summary: Algorithmics, the world's leading provider of risk management software solutions, announced today that it has extended its presence in the Middle East with the opening of an office in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, within the Dubai International Financial Center (DIFC).
Algorithmics Incorporated, a world leader in enterprise risk management solutions, offers a distributed computing version of its Algo Suite of enterprise-wide risk management solutions utilizing LiveCluster 3G, the application infrastructure platform provided by DataSynapse, Inc.
With concerns today about what's finding its way onto our hard drives, Pankhurst Algorithmics provides a useful file management solution with Rocket Retriever 2, a Program for Windows 95/98/ME/XP/NT/2000.
The company won an OEM deal with Oracle Corp back in May (CI No 3,658) and has other deals with Cognos Inc, Compaq Computer Corp, Computer Associates International Inc, Microsoft Corp and Algorithmics Inc.
The Fitch Group also includes Fitch Ratings and Algorithmics, and is a majority-owned subsidiary of Fimalac, S.
Information technology company IBM (NYSE: IBM) has closed the acquisition of Algorithmics, IBM said today.

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