hydrolysis

(redirected from Alkaline hydrolysis)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

hy·drol·y·sis

 (hī-drŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n.
The reaction of water with another chemical compound to form two or more products, involving ionization of the water molecule and usually splitting the other compound. Examples include the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose, saponification, and the formation of acids or bases from dissolved ions.

hy′dro·lyte′ (-līt′) n.
hy′dro·lyt′ic (-drə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.

hydrolysis

(haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs)
n
(Chemistry) a chemical reaction in which a compound reacts with water to produce other compounds

hy•drol•y•sis

(haɪˈdrɒl ə sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-ˌsiz)
chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water.
[1875–80]

hy·drol·y·sis

(hī-drŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
The splitting of a chemical compound into two or more new compounds by reacting with water. Hydrolysis plays a role in the breakdown of food in the body, as in the conversion of starch to glucose.

hydrolysis

The process by which a chemical compound decomposes through reaction with water.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hydrolysis - a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water
chemical reaction, reaction - (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others; "there was a chemical reaction of the lime with the ground water"
Translations

hydrolysis

[haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs] Nhidrólisis f

hydrolysis

nHydrolyse f

hydrolysis

[haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs] nidrolisi f

hy·drol·y·sis

n. hidrólisis, disolución química de un compuesto por acción del agua.
References in periodicals archive ?
Degradation of keratin and collagen containing wastes by newly isolated thermo actinomycetes or by alkaline hydrolysis.
In the process of alkaline hydrolysis, about 80 percent less carbon dioxide is emitted than the flame crematorium as it uses energy primarily to heat and cool the lye, according to an independent research and development consulting organization in the Netherlands, (https://www.
6]); (v) lipid P, identified as the sum of [alpha]- and [beta]-glycerophosphate, the alkaline hydrolysis products of phospholipid; and (vi) RNA P, identified as the sum of up to 4 peaks assigned to mononucleotides derived from alkaline hydrolysis of RNA.
There are concerns that the use of chlorpyrifos on alkaline soils would result in only a transient protection period due to alkaline hydrolysis of chlorpyrifos.
Mathematical-physical model for alkaline hydrolysis of shavings is based on the mass balance of the input substance, the resulting hydrolyzate protein, enthalpy balance for the reaction mixture and the heat transfer medium.
Thus, a common strategy used to obtain PVA is to first synthesize a raw material and then promote a suitable chemical modification reaction, such as an alkaline hydrolysis (saponification) or a transesterification reaction (alcoholysis) [17-19].
reported the effect of alkaline hydrolysis on the quantity of extractable protein fractions in Jatropha treated seed cakes [15].
Finally, absorbance of all the solutions resulted from acid and alkaline hydrolysis, and oxidative degradation, photolytic degradation, and thermal degradation were measured at 241 nm against respective solvent as blank in each case.
Saponification is a reaction in which an ester is heated with an alkali, such as sodium hydroxide, producing a free alcohol and an acid salt, such as the alkaline hydrolysis of a fat or oil to make soap.
Galabov, Reactivity of acetanilides in the alkaline hydrolysis reaction:theory vs.
It was hypothesized that by using both alkaline hydrolysis and acid hydrolysis that nine different kinds of waste biomass samples can be converted into glucose through the hydrolysis processes.
The present study follows the previous one and has been aimed at modification of the PET fibre surface by alkaline hydrolysis with sodium hydroxide at an elevated temperature, which should via changes in physicochemical properties of the fibre increase the strength of binding between the fibre and cementitious matrix.