Bogue claimed the Indian Act and Canadian constitutions are ultra vires, and all Canadian lands are "owned Allodially
by the natives", Miracle "is free to open a public bank" on the disputed lands, and appeared on behalf of himself and as Ambassador for "all peoples native to North America." This was the basis for damages and declarations.
states where land is not owned allodially
, but this has only theoretical
Holding land allodially
allows one to become self-possessed, and self-possession allows one to-become a public person, an agent, not a servant.
The customary freehold, or usufruct, is an interest held by individuals or groups in land that is held allodially
by a chief, clan, or other owner.