lipoic acid

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li·po·ic acid

An organic acid, C8H14S2O2, that is essential for decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetyl coenzyme A during aerobic metabolism. It is also used as a dietary supplement for its antioxidant properties.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

lipoic acid

(Biochemistry) biochem a sulphur-containing fatty acid, regarded as an element of the vitamin B complex, minute amounts of which are required for carbohydrate metabolism
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References in periodicals archive ?
The effects and mechanisms of mitochondrial nutrient alpha-lipoic acid on improving age-associated mitochondrial and cognitive dysfunction: an overview.
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS): double blind controlled study of alpha-lipoic acid (thioctic acid) therapy.
Radosavljevic, "Alpha-lipoic acid affects the oxidative stress in various brain structures in mice with methionine and choline deficiency," Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol.
Effect of alpha-lipoic acid supplementation on oxidative stress markers and antioxidative defense in patients with schizophrenia.
Single dose bioavailability and pharmacokinetic study of a innovative formulation of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA600) in healthy volunteers.
Alpha-lipoic acid and Coenzyme Q10 are also widely used antioxidants.
Alpha-lipoic acid (a- LA; 1,2-dithiolane-3-pentanoic acid, 6,8-dithio-octanoic acid, thioctic acid) is a strong antioxidant that plays an essential role as a cofactor in the metabolism of all organisms, from microorganisms to humans (Navari-Izzo et al., 2002).
Additionally, it contains vitamins A, C, D, B12 and B6, along with copper, zinc, alpha-lipoic acid and horsetail.
New treatments being developed stem from alpha-lipoic acid, benfotiamine, and aldosterone-reductase inhibitors.
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is a vitamin-like substance synthesized from octanoic acid in the mitochondrion (Bustamante et al., 1998; Roy and Packer, 1998) and a powerful micronutrient with various biological functions (Kim et al., 2011).
Alpha-lipoic acid is a potent mitochondrial antioxidant agent that acts by multiple mechanisms promoting anti inflammatory and antithrombotic pathways and positively influencing the nitric oxide mediated vasodilatation [8].
Ling et al., "Alpha-lipoic acid pre- and post-treatments provide protection against in vitro ischemia-reperfusion injury in cerebral endothelial cells via Akt/mTOR signaling," Brain Research, vol.