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1. In addition; besides.
2. Likewise; too: If you will stay, I will also.
And in addition: It's a pretty cat, also friendly.

[Middle English, from Old English ealswā : eall, all; see al- in Indo-European roots + swā, so; see so1.]
Usage Note: Some people maintain that it is wrong to begin a sentence with also. In our 2014 survey, however, 70 percent of the Usage Panel found the usage acceptable in this example: The warranty covers all power train components. Also, participating dealers back their work with a free lifetime service guarantee. Given this high rate of acceptance, as well as the fact that it is perfectly normal to start sentences with other conjunctive adverbs such as furthermore, there seems no reason to condemn this usage of also.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(sentence modifier) in addition; as well; too
sentence connector
besides; moreover
[Old English alswā; related to Old High German alsō, Old Frisian alsa; see all, so1]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈɔl soʊ)

1. in addition; too; besides: He was thin, and he was also tall.
2. likewise; in the same manner: Since you're having another cup of coffee, I'll have one also.
[1125–75; Middle English; Old English (e)alswā all (wholly or quite) so1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


tooas well

You use also, too, or as well when you are giving more information about something.

1. 'also'

Also is usually used in front of a verb. If there is no auxiliary verb, you put also immediately in front of the verb, unless the verb is be.

I also began to be interested in cricket.
They also helped out.

If the verb is be, you put also after it.

I was also an American.

If there is an auxiliary verb, you put also after the auxiliary verb.

The symptoms of the illness were also described in the book.

If there is more than one auxiliary verb, you put also after the first one.

We'll also be learning about healthy eating.

Also is sometimes put at the beginning of a clause.

She is very intelligent. Also, she is gorgeous.

Be Careful!
Don't put also at the end of a clause.

2. 'too'

You usually put too at the end of a clause.

Now the problem affects middle-class children, too.
I'll miss you, and Steve will, too.

In conversation, too is used after a word or phrase when you are making a brief comment on something that has just been said.

'His father kicked him out of the house.' – 'Quite right, too.'
'They've finished mending the road.' – 'About time, too!'

Too is sometimes put after the first noun phrase in a clause.

I wondered whether I too would become ill.
, Melissa, too, felt miserable.

However, the position of too can make a difference to the meaning of a sentence. 'I am an American too' can mean either 'Like the person just mentioned, I am an American' or 'Besides having the other qualities just mentioned, I am an American'. However, 'I too am an American' can only mean 'Like the person just mentioned, I am an American'.

Don't put too at the beginning of a sentence.

For more information, see too
3. 'as well'

As well always goes at the end of a clause.

Filter coffee is better for your health than instant coffee. And it tastes nicer as well.
They will have a difficult year next year as well.
4. negatives

You don't usually use 'also', 'too', or 'as well' in negative clauses. Don't say, for example, 'I'm not hungry and she's not hungry too'. You say 'I'm not hungry and she's not hungry either', 'I'm not hungry and neither is she', or 'I'm not hungry and nor is she'.

Edward wasn't at the ceremony, either.
'I don't normally drink coffee in the evening.' – 'Neither do I.'
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.also - in additionalso - in addition; "he has a Mercedes, too"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
taip pat
tudipoleg tega


[ˈɔːlsəʊ] ADV
1. (gen) → también
her cousin also camesu primo también vino
2. (as linker) → además
also, I must explain thatademás debo aclarar que ...
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈɔːlsəʊ] adv
(= as well) → aussi, également
a pianist who also plays guitar → un pianiste qui joue également de la guitare
also available in blue and green → également disponible en vert et bleu, existe aussi en vert et bleu
It's also worth remembering that → Il est également nécessaire de se souvenir que ..., Il est aussi nécessaire de se souvenir que ...
(= furthermore) → de plus
It's a lot of work. Also, it's very tiring → Ça représente beaucoup de travail. De plus, c'est fatigant.also-ran [ˈɔːlsəʊræn] nperdant(e) m/f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


auch; her cousin also came or came alsoihre Cousine kam auch; he has also been thereer ist auch (schon) dort gewesen; not only … but alsonicht nur … sondern auch; also present were …außerdem waren anwesend
(= moreover)außerdem, ferner; also, I must explain that …außerdem muss ich erklären, dass …
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˈɔːlsəʊ] adv
a. (too) → anche, pure
her cousin also came → è venuto anche suo cugino
b. (moreover) → inoltre, anche
also, I must explain ... → (e) inoltre devo spiegare..., devo anche spiegare...
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈoːlsəu) adverb
in addition or besides; too. He is studying German but he is also studying French; They know him and I know him also.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


أَيْضاً také også auch επίσης también myös aussi također anche ・・・も 또한 ook også również também также också เช่นกัน ayrıca cũng
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


adv. del mismo modo, también.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet besides music, the festival also aims to provide a holistic experience, with an itinerary of workshops to stimulate the mind, body and soul, as well as activities for all ages, immersive art experiences, movie and animation projections curated by Animafest and interactive theatre by Antiskino.
Climate similarity has been extensively used to examine how NIS originating from one large environment become established in a similar new location (Bomford et al., 2009; Bacon et al., 2014; Howeth et al., 2016) and also to project potential habitats for nonnative species (Howeth et al., 2016; Seebens et al., 2016).
A review of the entrepreneurship literature provides evidence that ownership of more than one business at a time is quite rare, Alsos and Kolvereid (1998: 101-102) stated that "It is, however, now becoming widely appreciated that some parallel/portfolio founders own two of more businesses at the same time".
It has also emerged that at least three general managers have taken over the momentous task of leading the parastatal to avoid the paralysis caused by the contest over the managing director.
But Alsos said he was protesting for his six-year-old daughter, whom he said "deserves to see Jerusalem".
There is also a woman who literally carries a log everywhere she goes, a parallel world, a demonic spirit who wears nothing but denim, a fish in a percolator, and lots of coffee and baked goods.
Thus, questioning whether gender discrimination is an issue even in firms directly engaged with the empowerment of women, also becomes an urgency.
The editors, Gry Agnete Alsos, Ulla Hytti, and Elisabet Ljunggren, are all Nordic academic specialists in entrepreneurship, which imparts a distinctly European sensibility to the book.
Unfortunately, it is also envisaged that these women are impeded by a various socio-economic barriers that places them in situations where their voices are often muffled by the level of gender segregation within the specific context of Nigeria (Obamuyi, 2011).
The second study provides the first empirical evidence for plant transit by ice, says study coauthor Inger Greve Alsos of the Arctic University of Norway in Tromso.
There could be several impediments to successfully transferring a family firm leadership to the next generation (Blumentritt et al., 2012), where entrepreneurial household management strategies largely determine the business's extent of success (see, Alsos et al., 2014).