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A member of any of the peoples indigenous to the Americas except the Eskimo, Aleut, and Inuit.
American Indian adj.
Usage Note: In principle, American Indian can apply to all native peoples throughout the Americas except the Eskimo, Aleut, and Inuit, but in practice it is generally restricted to the peoples of the United States and Canada. For native peoples in the rest of the hemisphere, usage generally favors Indian by itself or, less frequently, the contractions Amerindian or Amerind. See Usage Notes at First Nation, Indian, Native American.
(Peoples) Also called: Native American a member of any of the indigenous peoples of North, Central, or South America, esp those of North America
1. (Peoples) Also: Amerindian of or relating to any of these peoples, their languages, or their cultures
2. (Languages) Also: Amerindian of or relating to any of these peoples, their languages, or their cultures
Usage: The term American Indian is still acceptable and is widely used by American Indians themselves. The most accepted phrase in general use nowadays is Native American
a member of any of the indigenous peoples of North and South America, usu. excluding the Aleuts and Eskimos.
usage: See Indian.
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|Noun||1.||American Indian - a member of the race of people living in America when Europeans arrived|
Amerindian, Native American - any member of the peoples living in North or South America before the Europeans arrived
Algonquian, Algonquin - a member of any of the North American Indian groups speaking an Algonquian language and originally living in the subarctic regions of eastern Canada; many Algonquian tribes migrated south into the woodlands from the Mississippi River to the Atlantic coast
Anasazi - a Native American who lived in what is now southern Colorado and Utah and northern Arizona and New Mexico and who built cliff dwellings
Athabaskan, Athapascan, Athapaskan, Athabascan - a member of any of the North American Indian groups speaking an Athapaskan language and living in the subarctic regions of western Canada and central Alaska
Maya, Mayan - a member of an American Indian people of Yucatan and Belize and Guatemala who had a culture (which reached its peak between AD 300 and 900) characterized by outstanding architecture and pottery and astronomy; "Mayans had a system of writing and an accurate calendar"
Nahuatl - a member of any of various Indian peoples of central Mexico
Olmec - a member of an early Mesoamerican civilization centered around Veracruz that flourished between 1300 and 400 BC
Zapotec, Zapotecan - a member of a large tribe of Mesoamericans living in southern Mexico whose civilization flourished around 300 to 900
Buffalo Indian, Plains Indian - a member of one of the tribes of American Indians who lived a nomadic life following the buffalo in the Great Plains of North America
Chickasaw - a member of the Muskhogean people formerly living in northern Mississippi
Coeur d'Alene - a member of an Amerindian people living in northern Idaho around Coeur d'Alene Lake
Creek - any member of the Creek Confederacy (especially the Muskogee) formerly living in Georgia and Alabama but now chiefly in Oklahoma
Haida - a member of a seafaring group of North American Indians who lived on the Pacific coast of British Columbia and southwestern Alaska
Iroquois - any member of the warlike North American Indian peoples formerly living in New York State; the Iroquois League were allies of the British during the American Revolution
Muskhogean, Muskogean - a member of any of the peoples formerly living in southeastern United States and speaking Muskhogean languages
Penutian - a member of a North American Indian people speaking one of the Penutian languages
Pueblo - a member of any of about two dozen Native American peoples called `Pueblos' by the Spanish because they live in pueblos (villages built of adobe and rock)
Salish - a member of a group of North American Indians speaking a Salishan language and living on the northwest coast of North America
Shoshone, Shoshoni - a member of the North American Indian people (related to the Aztecs) of the southwestern United States
Taracahitian - a member of a group of peoples of Mexico
Tlingit - a member of a seafaring group of North American Indians living in southern Alaska
Wakashan - a member of one of the peoples in British Columbia and Washington who speak the Wakashan language
Eskimo, Esquimau, Inuit - a member of a people inhabiting the Arctic (northern Canada or Greenland or Alaska or eastern Siberia); the Algonquians called them Eskimo (`eaters of raw flesh') but they call themselves the Inuit (`the people')
Paleo-American, Paleo-Amerind, Paleo-Indian - a member of the Paleo-American peoples who were the earliest human inhabitants of North America and South America during the late Pleistocene epoch
sannup - a married male American Indian
squaw - an American Indian woman
|2.||American Indian - any of the languages spoken by Amerindians|
natural language, tongue - a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language
Algonquian language, Algonquin, Algonquian - family of North American Indian languages spoken from Labrador to South Carolina and west to the Great Plains
Atakapan, Attacapa, Attacapan, Atakapa - a language spoken by the Atakapa of the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas
Athabascan, Athapaskan language, Athabaskan, Athapascan, Athapaskan - a group of Amerindian languages (the name coined by an American anthropologist, Edward Sapir)
Muskhogean language, Muskogean language, Muskhogean, Muskogean - a family of North American Indian languages spoken in the southeastern United States
Na-Dene - a family of North American Indian languages
Mosan - a family of Amerindian languages spoken in Washington and British Columbia
Caddoan, Caddoan language, Caddo - a family of North American Indian languages spoken widely in the Midwest by the Caddo
Iroquoian, Iroquoian language, Iroquois - a family of North American Indian languages spoken by the Iroquois
Kechuan, Quechuan, Quechuan language, Quechua, Kechua - the language of the Quechua which was spoken by the Incas
Tanoan, Tanoan language - a family of North American Indian language spoken in southwestern United States
Penutian - a family of Amerindian language spoken in the great interior valley of California