amino acid

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amino acid

n.
Any of various compounds containing an amino group (NH2), a carboxylic acid group (COOH), and a distinctive side chain, especially any of the 20 amino acids that link together to form proteins. Some amino acids (called nonessential) can be synthesized in the human body, while others (called essential) must be obtained through the diet.

amino acid

n
(Biochemistry) any of a group of organic compounds containing one or more amino groups, -NH2, and one or more carboxyl groups, -COOH. The alpha-amino acids RCH(NH2)COOH (where R is either hydrogen or an organic group) are the component molecules of proteins; some can be synthesized in the body (nonessential amino acids) and others cannot and are thus essential components of the diet (essential amino acids)

ami′no ac′id


n.
any of a class of organic compounds that contains at least one amino group, –NH2, and one carboxyl group, –COOH: the alpha-amino acids, RCH(NH2)COOH, are the building blocks from which proteins are constructed.
[1895–1900]

a·mi·no acid

(ə-mē′nō)
Any of a large number of compounds that are found in living cells, contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen, and join together to form proteins. ♦ About 20 amino acids are needed by animal cells to produce proteins, but only about half, called nonessential amino acids, can be produced by animal cells. The remaining half, called , essential amino acids, must be obtained from food.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.amino acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
alanine - a crystalline amino acid that occurs in many proteins
asparagine - a crystalline amino acid found in proteins and in many plants (e.g., asparagus)
aspartic acid - a crystalline amino acid found in proteins and occurring naturally in sugar beets and sugar cane
canavanine - an amino acid found in the jack bean
citrulline - an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is an intermediate in the conversion of ornithine to arginine
cysteine - an amino acid containing sulfur that is found in most proteins; oxidizes on exposure to air to form cystine
cystine - a crystalline amino acid found in proteins (especially keratin); discovered in bladder stones
dihydroxyphenylalanine, dopa - amino acid that is formed in the liver and converted into dopamine in the brain
essential amino acid - an amino acid that is required by animals but that they cannot synthesize; must be supplied in the diet
GABA, gamma aminobutyric acid - an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
glutamic acid, glutaminic acid - an amino acid occurring in proteins; important in the nitrogen metabolism of plants; used in monosodium glutamate to enhance the flavor of meats
glutamine - a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism
glycine - the simplest amino acid found in proteins and the principal amino acid in sugar cane
hydroxyproline - a crystalline amino acid obtained from gelatin or collagen
iodoamino acid - an amino acid with iodine added
ornithine - an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is important in the formation of urea
proline - an amino acid that is found in many proteins (especially collagen)
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
protein - any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes; "a diet high in protein"
creatin, creatine - an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
sarcosine - a sweetish crystalline amino acid
serine - a sweetish crystalline amino acid involved in the synthesis by the body of cysteine
thyronine - a phenolic amino acid of which thyroxine is a derivative
tyramine - amino acid derived from tyrosine; has a sympathomimetic action; found in chocolate and cola drinks and ripe cheese and beer; "patients taking MAOIs should avoid foods containing tyramine"
tyrosine - an amino acid found in most proteins; a precursor of several hormones
Translations
aminokyselina
aminosyre
aminohappo
acide aminé
aminokiselina
アミノ酸
aminoskābe
aminozuur
aminokwas
aminoácido
aminosyra
aminoasit

amino acid

nAminosäure f

amino acid

[əˈmiːnəʊˈæsɪd] namminoacido

ami·no ac·id

n. aminoácido, compuesto orgánico metabólico necesario en el desarrollo y crecimiento humano esencial en la digestión e hidrólisis de proteínas.

amino acid

n aminoácido
References in periodicals archive ?
Nitrogen is an essential building block and its increase is attributed to the mineralization of plant residues that contains aminoacids and conversion of ammonium nitrogen (Pattnaik and Reddy, 2009; Cabrera et al., 2005).
Investigations should include analysis of plasma ammonia, plasma lactate, plasma uric acid, blood and CSF lactate, paired plasma and CSF aminoacids, plasma very-long-chain fatty acids, urine ketone bodies and organic acids, urine sulphite, urinary sulphocysteine, and urine purines and pyrimidines.5 Martinelloet al published a practical diagnostic algorithm for the evaluation of patients in whom the diagnosis of HIE is not confirmed.6
It is important to mention that Intipunya and Bhandari [29] have suggested that the Maillard reaction can induce crosslinking of aminoacids to form inter- and intramolecular bonded species.
Glyphosate is a broadspectrum herbicide that acts by inhibiting biosynthesis of aromatic aminoacids in plants (tryptophan, phenylalanine and tyrosine) by inhibiting the enzyme 5enolpiruvilshikimato-3-phosphates synthetize (EPSPS), which reduces the production of protein and its development, reduces biosynthesis of other compounds such as tetrahydrofolate, ubiquinone and vitamin K (Salazar-Lopez & Aldana-Madrid, 2011).
This study provides additional information in differentiating pyogenic abscess from tuberculous abscess by presence of aminoacids in pyogenic abscess and tall lipid peak in tuberculous abscess.
(20), reported a similar mutation in a patient with a classic phenotype, an exon 2 microduplication (c.134_140dup7) that caused a frameshift (p.Ile47IlefsX4) and resulted in a truncated protein product, 4 aminoacids downstream (21).
Similarly, soybean seeds treated with thiamethoxam showed higher level of aminoacids, enzyme activity and synthesis of plant hormones which increase the answer of the plants to these proteins, and these events provided significantly increases on the production and lowering the time of culture establishment in the field, making it more tolerant to stress factors (Almeida et al., 2009).
FTIR spectroscopy of grape seed PA in the present study revealed presence of plenty of hydroxyl groups characteristic of GSE polyphenol.9 The hydroxyl groups readily form hydrogen bonds with carbonyl groups of aminoacids of collagen type I.
Biosynthetically, actinomycin and its chromophore are formed by the oxidative condensation of two 3-hydroxy-4-methylanthranilic acid (4-methyl-3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, 4-MHA) pentapeptide lactones possessing aminoacids such as Methyl valine, Sarcosine, Proline, D-Valine and Threonine (11).
It is well known that magnetite dispersibility and chemical stability in biological media are improved by functionalization with PEG (polyethylene glycol), dextran, albumin, chitosan, PVA (polyvinyl alcohol), PLGA (poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)), and so on [26], but only a very limited number of studies present the functionalization of these nanoparticles with bifunctional small molecules like aminoacids, hydroxyacids, or haloacids [27, 28].