Amu Darya

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Related to Amu Dar'ya: Amudarja, Oxus River

A·mu Dar·ya

 (ä′mo͞o där′yə, ə-mo͞o′ dŭr-yä′) Formerly Ox·us (ŏk′səs)
A river of Central Asia flowing about 2,575 km (1,600 mi) generally northwest from the Pamir Mountains to the southern Aral Sea. In ancient times it figured significantly in the history of Persia and in the campaigns of Alexander the Great.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Amu Darya

(Russian aˈmu darˈja)
n
(Placename) a river in central Asia, rising in the Pamirs and flowing northwest through the Hindu Kush and across Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to its delta in the Aral Sea: forms much of the N border of Afghanistan and is important for irrigation. Length: 2400 km (1500 miles). Ancient name: Oxus
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

A•mu Dar•ya

(ˈɑ mu ˈdɑr yə)
n.
a river in central Asia, flowing NW from the Pamirs to the Aral Sea. ab. 1400 mi. (2250 km) long. Also called Oxus.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The entire area of the flood plains is covered by thickets that are very similar to the tokai of the banks of the Amu Dar'ya, with poplars (Populus diversifolia, P.
Only two of the largest rivers--the Amu Dar'ya and the Syr Dar'ya--cross the desert, flowing for more than 620 mi (1,000 km) into the Aral Sea.
It covers 350,000 [km.sup.2] of an immense plain running from the Caspian Sea to the Amu Dar'ya at an altitude of 328-1,640 ft (100-500 m).
It is a large plain covering about 300,000 [km.sup.2], with some depressions and a number of isolated raised areas; it is located between the rivers Amu Dar'ya and Syr Dar'ya.
Takyrs are found mainly on the former deltas of rivers (Amu Dar'ya, Syr Dar'ya, Murgab, Tedzhen, etc.) in the low parts of the piedmont plains and in the flat depressions of the sand deserts of the Karakum and the Kyzyl Kum.
These plants grow outside the cold deserts but are found mainly in the valley of Amu Dar'ya, in the middle of the Karakum Desert.
These were especially typical of the southeast Karakum and the right bank of the Amu Dar'ya; many covered pools of this type were built along the trade routes across the deserts and supplied the caravans with drinking water for centuries.
In the sandy strips running alongside the Amu Dar'ya, the river is the main source of underground water, and the wells contain abundant, almost salt-free, water at depth of 10-20 ft (3-6 m).
Many of the stockraisers who practiced a mixed economy on the banks of the Amu Dar'ya in the Dargan Ata region had a different seasonal migration cycle.
For example, during the 1830s, the Chovdur tribe of Turkomans moved from the Mangyshlak Peninsula in the Caspian Sea to Chorasmia (Khorezmskaya) in the lower stretches of the Amu Dar'ya and were allotted land at the edge of the oasis.
Abu Al-Ghazi states that in the past when the Amu Dar'ya "issued into the Mazanderan [the Caspian Sea], ...
The strip of sand dunes running alongside the Amu Dar'ya formed because the area at the river's edge is a densely populated oasis.