In the book, you mention how you have an enduring passion for the Greek philosopher Anaximander
, and indeed all thinkers who understand something before it has been 'discovered'.
Sociology of Science (2010), Evolution and Natural Selection: From Anaximander
to Darwin (2012), and Societies and Revolutions (2017), and numerous articles.
A famous fragment of Anaximander
identified the origin of geometry as what he called apeiron, an indefinite with no limits, in other words, a purely formal and white space that rather quickly received the name of the Earth or Geo, which geometry measured and mastered.
The basic science of electricity has been known since the days of the ancient Greek mathematicians and scientists such as Archimedes, Pythogaras, Euxodus and Anaximander
. As far back as the 18th century, the English scientist, Martin Gilbert, did research and wrote profusely on what he termed 'electricus.'
Among his topics are bothering the infinite: Anaximander
in the 19th century and beyond, Parmenides on sense perception in Theophrastus and elsewhere, Heraclitus on soul and super-souls: with an afterthought on the afterlife, out of touch: Philoponus as a source for Democritus, and Aristotle on Socrates' contributions to philosophy.
Philosophy, in the person of the first Greek natural philosophers (Thales, Anaximander
, Anaximenes, Heraclitus, etc.) arises as the first practice in the history of mankind of reflecting the diversity enclosed in the world around them, in the form of primary abstractions, concepts and categories.
(37) Roy Sorensen calls this question the "oldest recorded paradox" and refers to Anaximander
's paradox about the origin, which consists in the assumption that not every thing can have a point of origin: "Anything which has a beginning owes its existence to another thing that existed before it.
's view that humans have evolved from fish was ignored for about two thousands of years, and then revived by Darwin.
But leaving this to the moral philosopher, I say that Plato, Democritus, Anaximander
, and the Stoics defined the voice variously.
Grayling (1995: 339) confirms: "Its history starts with those philosophers who took nature or change as a philosophical issue and the philosophers are Heraclitus and Parmenides." The philosophers before Heraclitus and Parmenides like Thales, Pythagoras and Anaximander
took the notion of violence for granted.
Indeed, for us who are situated in the academe, it just sounds morally dubious that we are discussing the abstractions of Anaximander
and yet hundreds of brave young men are fighting terrorists in the midst of an uncertain war.
His student, Anaximander
, chose as his all-embracing principle the neutral substance, apieron (the boundless), out of which the opposites - such as the hot and the cold or the wet and the dry emerged.