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An ancient region of southwest Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in modern-day Iraq. Probably settled before 5000 bc, the area was the home of numerous early civilizations, including Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, and Assyria. It declined in importance after Mongol invaders destroyed its extensive irrigation system in ad 1258.

Mes′o·po·ta′mi·an adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) a region of SW Asia between the lower and middle reaches of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: site of several ancient civilizations
[Latin from Greek mesopotamia (khora) (the land) between rivers]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌmɛs ə pəˈteɪ mi ə)

an ancient region in W Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: now part of Iraq.
Mes`o•po•ta′mi•an, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


- Translates to "area or country between two rivers"—the Tigris and the Euphrates.
See also related terms for rivers.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Mesopotamia - the land between the Tigris and EuphratesMesopotamia - the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq
Akkadian - an ancient branch of the Semitic languages
Assyrian Akkadian, Assyrian - an extinct language of the Assyrians in ancient Mesopotamia
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Babylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Babylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
Chaldaea, Chaldea - an ancient region of Mesopotamia lying between the Euphrates delta and the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Desert; settled in 1000 BC and destroyed by the Persians in 539 BC; reached the height of its power under Nebuchadnezzar II
Assyria - an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia which is in present-day Iraq
Apsu - father of the gods and consort of Tiamat
Aruru - mother and earth goddess in Gilgamish epic; identified with Sumerian Ki and Ninkhursag
Dagan - god of agriculture and earth; counterpart of Phoenician Dagon
Ea - the Babylonian god of wisdom; son of Apsu and father of Marduk; counterpart of the Sumerian Enki; as one of the supreme triad including Anu and Bel he was assigned control of the watery element
Ereshkigal, Eresh-kigal, Ereshkigel - goddess of death and consort of Nergal
Namtar, Namtaru - a demon personifying death; messenger of the underworld goddess Ereshkigal bringing death to mankind
Nergal - (Akkadian) god ruling with his consort Ereshkigal the world of the dead
Ningal - (Akkadian) a goddess; wife of the Moon god Sin
Sin - (Akkadian) god of the Moon; counterpart of Sumerian Nanna
Tiamat - (Akkadian) mother of the gods and consort of Apsu
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˌmesəpəˈteɪmɪə] NMesopotamia f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


nMesopotamien nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
'The Legend of Gilgamesh' on September 25 will discuss the myth of the great flood in the Epic of Gilgamesh, a Sumerian epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia. The lecture by Dr.
And this is when it gets really fascinating; as wide as the spread of the Indus Valley Civilisation was, its trade routes went even further, reaching all the way to ancient Mesopotamia in the West, who knew these proto-Dravidians as the 'Meluhhans' (the word is likely derived from the Dravidian words 'mel-akam' meaning 'highland country'.
They also found ten clay tablets that were covered in cuneiform, a common form of writing in ancient Mesopotamia.
Children learn about history, geography, events, and landmarks around the world, such as the Grand Canyon, the Golden Gate Bridge, Kennedy Space Center, Mardi Gras, the Statue of Liberty, the Oregon Trail, Mount Rushmore, vaqueros and the American cowboys, the White House, the Amazon rainforest, son cubano music, the Eiffel Tower, the Day of the Dead, and the Ziggaurats of ancient Mesopotamia, and the projects encourage creativity, collaboration, and critical thinking.
These were engraved surfaces used to print cuneiform impressions and pictographic lore onto documents and surfaces in ancient Mesopotamia, now present-day Iraq.
He has also created a unique archive of recordings from different readers of stories and scripts from Babylon and set up an annual conference for sixth-formers interested in studying ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Her favorite days were festival days such as one celebrating the sun, which the Yazidi worshipped as part of their unique nature-based faith deriving from the religions of ancient Mesopotamia. She, her parents, and five siblings would go from house to house, where they were welcomed with food and drink.
In ancient Mesopotamia, a lunar eclipse was considered a direct assault on the king.
As Western definitions of science are grounded in the concept of nature as an observable, stable reality, it would seem that the nonexistence of such a concept of nature in ancient Mesopotamia would bracket this tradition of knowledge out of the history of science.
Among the notable pieces in his extraordinary collection, which predated the famous Library of Alexandria, was the Epic of Gilgamesh, a poem from ancient Mesopotamia considered the earliest surviving work of great literature.
Mesopotamia has been home to four major civilizations and is often called the "cradle of civilization." This important book explores the culture and achievements of ancient Mesopotamia through the examination of artifacts that have survived through the centuries.

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