Roman Empire(redirected from Ancient Roman Empire)
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Roman Empirealso Rome (rōm)
An empire that succeeded the Roman Republic during the time of Augustus, who ruled from 27 bc to ad 14. At its greatest extent it encompassed territories stretching from Britain and Germany to North Africa and the Persian Gulf. After 395 it was split into the Byzantine Empire and the Western Roman Empire, which rapidly sank into anarchy under the onslaught of Germanic invaders from the north and east. The last emperor of the West, Romulus Augustulus (born c. 461), was deposed by Goths in 476, the traditional date for the end of the empire.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Historical Terms) the territories ruled by ancient Rome. At its height under Trajan, the Roman Empire included W and S Europe, Africa north of the Sahara, and SW Asia. In 395 ad it was divided by Theodosius into the Eastern Roman Empire whose capital was Byzantium and which lasted until 1453, and the Western Roman Empire which lasted until the sack of Rome in 476
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the territories ruled by ancient Rome. At its height under Trajan, the Roman Empire included W and S Europe, Africa north of the Sahara, and SW Asia. In 395 ad it was divided by Theodosius into the Eastern Roman Empire whose capital was Byzantium and which lasted until 1453, and the Western Roman Empire which lasted until the sack of Rome in 476
3. (Historical Terms) the government of Rome and its dominions by the emperors from 27 bc
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the government of Rome and its dominions by the emperors from 27 bc
5. (Historical Terms) the Byzantine Empire
6. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the Byzantine Empire
7. (Historical Terms) the Holy Roman Empire
8. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the Holy Roman Empire
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
1. the lands and peoples subject to the authority of ancient Rome.
2. the imperial form of government established in Rome in 27 B.C., comprising the Principate or Early Empire (27 B.C. – A.D. 284) and the Autocracy or Later Empire (A.D. 284–476).
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||Roman Empire - an empire established by Augustus in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 into the Western Roman Empire and the eastern or Byzantine Empire; at its peak lands in Europe and Africa and Asia were ruled by ancient Rome|
ancients - people who lived in times long past (especially during the historical period before the fall of the Roman Empire in western Europe)
prefecture - the district administered by a prefect (as in France or Japan or the Roman Empire)
Byzantine Empire, Eastern Roman Empire, Byzantium - a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after its division in 395
Western Empire, Western Roman Empire - the western part after the Roman Empire was divided in 395; it lasted only until 476
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Roman - an inhabitant of the ancient Roman Empire
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.