aplastic anemia

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aplastic anemia

A condition in which the bone marrow fails to generate adequate numbers of new red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It can be caused by a genetic disorder, infection, exposure to radiation or toxic chemicals, or other factors.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

a•plas′tic ane′mia

(eɪˈplæs tɪk)

severe anemia due to depressed functioning of the bone marrow, usu. resulting from bone cancer, radiation, or the toxic effects of drugs or chemicals.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aplastic anemia - anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrowaplastic anemia - anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow; can be caused by neoplasm or by toxic exposure
anemia, anaemia - a deficiency of red blood cells
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References in periodicals archive ?
The common causes of pancytopenia vary in different studies and include megaloblastic anemia, aplastic anemia, hepatitis-associated aplasia, drugs, infections, and autoimmune disorders.
Results: Out of 157 patients, 30 patients (19.1%) had leukemia, 26 (16.6%) had megaloblastic anemia, ITP was present in 26 patients (16.6%), 18 patients (11.5%) showed normal bone marrow, 17 patients (10.8%) had evidence of hemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia was present in 9 patients (5.7%), iron deficiency anemia was seen in 9 patients (5.7%), anemia of chronic disorder was present in 08 patients (5.1%), hypersplenism was present in 05 patients (3.2%), metastatic lesions, PNH and visceral leishmaniasis was present in 2 patients (1.3%) each.
Children having anemia due to other conditions like haemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia, chronic systemic diseases and chronic infections were excluded from the study.

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