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tr.v. an·i·mat·ed, an·i·mat·ing, an·i·mates
1. To give life to; fill with life: the belief that the soul animates the body.
2. To impart interest or zest to; enliven: "voices animated by food, drink, and company" (Anita Desai).
3. To fill with spirit, courage, or resolution: "a wave of exploratory voyages animated by a spirit of scientific inquiry" (Lincoln P. Paine).
4. To inspire to action; prompt: "The merest whisper of Bothwell's death was enough to animate Mary's supporters on the Continent" (John Guy).
5. To impart motion or activity to: The wind animated the surface of the lake.
6. To make or depict using animation: animate a children's bedtime story.
adj. (ăn′ə-mĭt)
1. Possessing life; living. See Synonyms at living.
2. Of or relating to animal life as distinct from plant life.
3. Belonging to the class of nouns that stand for living things: The word dog is animate; the word car is inanimate.
4. Frequently moving; active or vigorous: a bird with an animate tail.

[Latin animāre, animāt-, from anima, soul; see anə- in Indo-European roots.]

an′i·ma·cy n.


the state of being alive and animate
References in periodicals archive ?
As she uncovers their creation and life within Pauingassi spirituality, Matthews considers the question of animacy, going deep into the meaning of language, its uses over time, and what it means to be alive.
Based on the results obtained, it will be argued that the morphology and the animacy of the of-dependent are important variables inasmuch as they contribute to the high rate of plural agreement that these structures show.
The novelty of the unexpected object is conveyed by its animacy, as the experience of confronting an object not known to exist is displaced onto the object and expressed as its ability to act of its own accord.
s London cityscape is a space that can no longer accommodate the animacy of lived experience, and the "visitors" are figured as bodiless specters that can only gaze upon the artifacts displayed.
como pensar la agencia si se deja de lado el paradigma de la intencionalidad y de la proyeccion cognitiva del mundo y cuando, mas que de agencia, se prefiere hablar de "danza de animacidad" (dance of animacy, en Ingold 2010) o de un doing-in-undergoing (Ingold 2015)?
The proposed research project pursues this broadly defined question, but focuses specifically on different kinds of noun class markers and in particular how animacy based noun class markers differ from gender-based ones in their interpretive function and syntactic category.
137) In Dec11, the accusative is either formally identical with the nominative or the genitive based on differences in animacy (Nergard-Serensen 2011: 54, 73-74).
Thus, the term is closely connected to elements characterised by their animacy features.
Language can be used to dehumanize by imputing a nonhuman animality to a human in the dominating/dominated power relationship, according to the animacy hierarchy, ranging from the most animate to the lifeless.
los articulos de LUIS EGUREN y CRISTINA SANCHEZ, "Imprecision extensional e imprecision intensional: la gramatica de cierto", Verba, 34 (2007), 99-124 y "Grammar and history of Spanish cierto", en Proceedings of the workshop "Definiteness, specificity and animacy in ibero-Romance languages", eds.
Since it is animate human referents which can show volition and intentionality over their actions (Dahl and Fraurud 1996: 58), the concept of subject animacy and the notions of subject control and responsibility are closely interrelated.