They found more than 10,000 shards of Chinese trade ware of various dynasties, Annamese
pottery, sawankhalok, native clay vessels, as well teeth of pigs and goats.
Fontaine, was also influential in Franco-Vietnamese political circles (which also included intellectual luminaries like Tran Trong Kim and Pham Quynh) attempting to articulate a 'contradictory vision of an Annamese
nationalism contained within imperial and international frameworks' (p.
The struggle began in 1919 when young Ho Chi Minh ('He who enlightens'), then living in France, founded the Association of Annamese
Patriots comprising Vietnamese Nationals who opposed the French colonial occupation of Vietnam.
After basic training, he was sent to the University of California at Berkeley where he studied Annamese
, the language of Annam, a protectorate in French Indochina.
Vietnamese ceramics dating from the time this dish was made, some 500 years ago, are generally known in the West as Annamese
after the ancient Chinese province of Annam which corresponded to a large part of present day Vietnam.
On the glorious day when the first train crosses the Steel Lace Viaduct, the French stage a ceremony to recognize the contribution of the native population in the construction of the bridge: One Annamese
(a worker of Vietnamese descent) assists Vigel in driving the first locomotive across the bridge (323-26).
This phenomenon is quite frequent in Southeast Asia: the Khmer use yuon [??] to name pejoratively (28) the Viet (perhaps an ethnonymic borrowing from Cham yuen [[??]] 'Viet'), whereas the Siamese use the term yuan [juan] in the sense 'Annamese
, Greeks, people in the Payap Circle of Thailand; Cochinchinese' (McFarland 1960: 629).
(41) An OSS report confirmed the threat: "Allied planes dropped handbills on to Anchau and its vicinity, warning the Annamites that if American aviators will be ill-treated by them again, bombing will be affected by revenge." (42) The text of another leaflet was translated into Annamese
by OSS agent (and former missionary in Vietnam) W.
No doubt the early assessment of these wares as merely derivative of Chinese precedents--a stigma evident in the former description of them as 'Annamese
', or products of China's 'pacified south'--contributed to the relative lack of scholarly attention (Guy 1997:12).