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 (vā-kā′shən, və-)
1. A period of time devoted to pleasure, rest, or relaxation, especially one with pay granted to an employee.
a. A holiday.
b. A fixed period of holidays, especially one during which a school, court, or business suspends activities.
3. The act or an instance of vacating.
intr.v. va·ca·tioned, va·ca·tion·ing, va·ca·tions
To take or spend a vacation.

[Middle English vacacioun, from Old French vacation, from Latin vacātiō, vacātiōn-, freedom from occupation, from vacātus, past participle of vacāre, to be empty, at leisure; see euə- in Indo-European roots.]

va·ca′tion·er, va·ca′tion·eer′ (-shə-nîr′) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(vəˈkeɪʃən; veɪˈkeɪʃən)
1. (Law) chiefly Brit a period of the year when the law courts or universities are closed
2. (Education) chiefly Brit a period of the year when the law courts or universities are closed
3. chiefly US and Canadian a period in which a break is taken from work or studies for rest, travel, or recreation. Also called (in Britain and certain other countries) holiday
4. the act of departing from or abandoning property, etc
(intr) US and Canadian to take a vacation; holiday
[C14: from Latin vacātiō freedom, from vacāre to be empty]
vaˈcationless adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(veɪˈkeɪ ʃən, və-)
1. a period of suspension of regular work, study, or other activity, usu. used for rest, recreation, or travel.
2. freedom or release from duty, business, or activity.
3. an act or instance of vacating.
4. to take or have a vacation.
[1350–1400; Middle English vacacioun < Anglo-French < Latin vacātiō exemption from duty, vacation; see vacate, -tion]
va•ca′tion•er, va•ca′tion•ist, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


- Coming from Latin vacation/vacatio, from vacare, "to be free, empty; to be at leisure," around 1395, this term entered Old English, meaning "rest and freedom from any activity."
See also related terms for leisure.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'holiday'

In British English, you refer to a period of time that you are allowed to spend away from work or school as the holiday or the holidays.

The school had undergone repairs during the holiday.
One day after the Christmas holidays I rang her up.

You refer to a period of time spent away from home enjoying yourself as a holiday.

He thought that Vita needed a holiday.
I went to Marrakesh for a holiday.

When you spend a long period of time like this each year, you refer to it as your holidays.

Where are you going for your holidays?

Be Careful!
You usually use a determiner or a possessive in front of holiday or holidays. Don't say, for example, 'I went to Marrakesh for holidays.'

If you are on holiday, you are spending a period of time away from work or school, or you are spending some time away from home enjoying yourself.

Remember to turn off the gas when you go on holiday.

In American English, a holiday is a single day or group of days when people do not work, often to commemorate an important event.

In British English, a day like this is called a bank holiday or a public holiday.

When Americans talk about the holidays, they mean the period at the end of the year that includes Christmas and the New Year; sometimes Thanksgiving (at the end of November) is also included in this.

Now that the holidays are over, we should take down our Christmas tree.
2. 'vacation'

The usual American word for a longer period of time spent away from work or school, or for a period of time spent away from home enjoying yourself, is vacation.

Harold used to take a vacation at that time.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


Past participle: vacationed
Gerund: vacationing

I vacation
you vacation
he/she/it vacations
we vacation
you vacation
they vacation
I vacationed
you vacationed
he/she/it vacationed
we vacationed
you vacationed
they vacationed
Present Continuous
I am vacationing
you are vacationing
he/she/it is vacationing
we are vacationing
you are vacationing
they are vacationing
Present Perfect
I have vacationed
you have vacationed
he/she/it has vacationed
we have vacationed
you have vacationed
they have vacationed
Past Continuous
I was vacationing
you were vacationing
he/she/it was vacationing
we were vacationing
you were vacationing
they were vacationing
Past Perfect
I had vacationed
you had vacationed
he/she/it had vacationed
we had vacationed
you had vacationed
they had vacationed
I will vacation
you will vacation
he/she/it will vacation
we will vacation
you will vacation
they will vacation
Future Perfect
I will have vacationed
you will have vacationed
he/she/it will have vacationed
we will have vacationed
you will have vacationed
they will have vacationed
Future Continuous
I will be vacationing
you will be vacationing
he/she/it will be vacationing
we will be vacationing
you will be vacationing
they will be vacationing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been vacationing
you have been vacationing
he/she/it has been vacationing
we have been vacationing
you have been vacationing
they have been vacationing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been vacationing
you will have been vacationing
he/she/it will have been vacationing
we will have been vacationing
you will have been vacationing
they will have been vacationing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been vacationing
you had been vacationing
he/she/it had been vacationing
we had been vacationing
you had been vacationing
they had been vacationing
I would vacation
you would vacation
he/she/it would vacation
we would vacation
you would vacation
they would vacation
Past Conditional
I would have vacationed
you would have vacationed
he/she/it would have vacationed
we would have vacationed
you would have vacationed
they would have vacationed
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vacation - leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasurevacation - leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure; "we get two weeks of vacation every summer"; "we took a short holiday in Puerto Rico"
leisure, leisure time - time available for ease and relaxation; "his job left him little leisure"
half-term - a short vacation about halfway through a school term; "he came to visit at half-term"
vac - informal term for vacation
picnic, outing, field day - a day devoted to an outdoor social gathering
honeymoon - a holiday taken by a newly married couple
paid vacation - a vacation from work by an employee with pay granted
2.vacation - the act of making something legally void
abrogation, repeal, annulment - the act of abrogating; an official or legal cancellation
Verb1.vacation - spend or take a vacationvacation - spend or take a vacation    
spend, pass - pass time in a specific way; "how are you spending your summer vacation?"
honeymoon - spend a holiday after one's marriage; "they plan to honeymoon in Hawai'i"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. holiday(s), leave, break, rest, tour, trip, time off, recess, hols (informal), leave of absence, furlough, mini-break, awayday During his vacation he visited Russia.
1. (U.S. & Canad.) holiday, visit, travel, tour, stay, be on holiday, take a break, sojourn, take a holiday, stop over He was vacationing in Jamaica and could not be reached.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


A regularly scheduled period spent away from work or duty, often in recreation:
Chiefly British: holiday.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
عُطْلَةعُطْلَهيَقْضي العُطْلَه
dovolenáprázdninytrávit dovolenou
ferieholde ferie=-ferie
szabadságszabadságra megyvakáció
fara í frísumarfrí
atostogautiatostogųper atostogas
atvaļinājumsbrīvdienaspavadīt brīvdienas/ atvaļinājumu
tráviť dovolenku
tatiltatile çıkmak/gitmek
ngày nghỉ


A. N
1. (esp Brit) (Jur) → receso m vacacional (frm), periodo m vacacional
2. (Univ) the long vacationlas vacaciones de verano
3. (US) (= holiday) → vacaciones fpl
to be on vacationestar de vacaciones
to take a vacationtomarse unas vacaciones
4. (= vacating) [of premises] → desalojo m
B. VI (US) → pasar las vacaciones
C. CPD vacation course Ncurso m extracurricular (durante las vacaciones); (in summer) → curso m de verano
vacation job Nempleo m de verano
vacation pay Npaga f de las vacaciones
vacation resort Ncentro m turístico
vacation season Ntemporada f de las vacaciones
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


(US)vacances fpl
to take a vacation → prendre des vacances
to be on vacation → être en vacances
to go on vacation → partir en vacances
(UNIVERSITY)vacances fpl
modif (US) [home, plans] → de vacances
a vacation package → un forfait vacances
vi (US)être en vacances
Myles vacationed in Jamaica → Myles passait ses vacances en Jamaïque.vacation course ncours mpl de vacances
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(Univ) → Semesterferien pl; (Jur) → Gerichtsferien pl ? long vacation
(US) → Ferien pl, → Urlaub m; on vacationim or auf Urlaub; to take a vacationUrlaub machen; where are you going for your vacation?wohin fahren Sie in Urlaub?, wo machen Sie Urlaub?; to go on vacationauf Urlaub or in die Ferien gehen; vacation trip(Ferien)reise f
(of post)Aufgabe f; (of presidency etc)Niederlegung f; (of house)Räumung f
vi (US) → Urlaub or Ferien machen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[vəˈkeɪʃn] n (esp Am) → vacanza, ferie fpl (Univ) → vacanze fpl
on vacation → in vacanza, in ferie
to take a vacation → prendere una vacanza, prendere le ferie
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(vəˈkeiʃən) , ((American) vei-) noun
a holiday. a summer vacation.
(American) to take a holiday. He vacationed in Paris last year.
on vacation
not working; having a holiday. She has gone to Italy on vacation.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


عُطْلَة dovolená ferie Urlaub διακοπές vacaciones loma vacances odmor vacanza 休暇 휴일 vakantie ferie urlop férias отдых semester วันหยุด tatil ngày nghỉ 假日
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


n. vacaciones.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in periodicals archive ?
Small business owners don't have a set amount of days or a 'use it or lose it' annual leave policy, so they need to decide when to go away and stick to it."
a) For us, the annual leave is in working days, not in calendar days.
Following a guide published on annual leave provisions , readers reached out to us with their questions on the topic.
Police Scotland previously delayed annual leave allocation in 2013, the year before the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.
Loyalty leave provides an additional five days annual leave for employees who have had more than three years' consecutive service.
'It has been noted that you have not taken your annual leave for some time due to the busy nature of your office.
But since a 2009 decision of the European Court of Justice in the case of Pereda v Madrid Movilidad, employees or workers who are unfit to work during a period of annual leave can choose to redesignate that holiday as sick leave and retain their holiday entitlement.
If you still have annual leave to use up (and your boss has warned you to use it or loose it) then you couldtake 16 days off by only booking seven days.
He said civil servants running as candidates will be granted an annual leave or special leave without pay in accordance with the regulations of the bureau.
On the other hand, some employees reported they would request a full day of annual leave, leave work early, or simply call in sick to watch the games.

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