electrolytic cell

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electrolytic cell

n.
1. A cell containing an electrolyte through which an externally generated electric current is passed by a system of electrodes in order to produce an electrochemical reaction.
2. A cell containing an electrolyte in which an electrochemical reaction produces an electromotive force.

electrolytic cell

n
(Chemistry) any device in which electrolysis occurs. Sometimes shortened to: cell

cell

(sɛl)

n.
1. a small room, as in a convent or prison.
2. any of various small compartments or bounded areas forming part of a whole.
3. a usu. microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytoplasmic material enclosed by a semipermeable membrane and, in plants, a cell wall; the basic structural unit of all organisms.
4. a small group acting as a unit within a larger organization: a local cell of a political party.
5. a device that converts chemical energy into electricity, usu. consisting of two different kinds of conductors surrounded by an electrolyte; battery.
6. Also called electrolytic cell. a device for producing electrolysis, consisting essentially of the electrolyte, its container, and the electrodes.
7. a monastery or nunnery, dependent on a larger religious house.
8. one of the areas into which the wing of an insect is divided by the veins.
9. locule.
10. one of the separate areas covered by a radio transmitter in a cellular phone system.
[before 1150; Middle English celle (< Old French), Old English cell < Medieval Latin cella monastic cell, Latin: room; see cella]

e·lec·tro·lyt·ic cell

(ĭ-lĕk′trə-lĭt′ĭk)
A device containing two electrodes immersed in a solution of electrolytes, used to bring about a chemical reaction. Electrolytic cells require an outside source of electricity to initiate the movement of ions between the two electrodes where the chemical change takes place. They have many practical uses including the recovery of pure metal from alloys, and the plating of one metal with another. Compare voltaic cell.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.electrolytic cell - a cell containing an electrolyte in which an applied voltage causes a reaction to occur that would not occur otherwise (such as the breakdown of water into hydrogen and oxygen)
anode - a positively charged electrode by which electrons leave an electrical device
cathode - a negatively charged electrode that is the source of electrons entering an electrical device
electric cell, cell - a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction
electrode - a conductor used to make electrical contact with some part of a circuit
galvanic cell, primary cell, voltaic cell - an electric cell that generates an electromotive force by an irreversible conversion of chemical to electrical energy; cannot be recharged
References in periodicals archive ?
Brillasa, Anodic Oxidation, Electro-Fenton and Photoelectro-Fenton Degradations of Pyridinium and Imidazolium-based Ionic Liquids in Waters Using a BDD/ Air-Diffusion Cell, Electrochim.
An ecologically-compliant alternative that is environmentally and economically sustainable has finally been devised: sulphur-tartaric anodic oxidation. The experimentation phase of the project, which had already been selected as one of the winners of the Leonardo 2018 Innovation Award, involved an intensive series of tests in the laboratory, with the testing of about 1,500 samples.
Additionally, it uses two anodic oxidation processes, using double blasting and an AF coating to ensure the texture and feel.
In the beginning of the test, the current was due to anodic oxidation and passivation of steel.
The formation of Ti[O.sub.2] via anodic oxidation starts from metal oxidation and dissociation of water at the metal/electrolyte interface.
By comparing the CVs of C and D, a new pair of well-behaved redox peaks of 0.38 V (cathodic peak) and 0.82 V (anodic oxidation peak) was obtained after 4-carboxy-TEMPO was finally attached to the former-electrode surface.
It is unclear whether Ru(II) exists during the anodic oxidation of hydrogen near 0 V according to (12).
During direct anodic oxidation, pollutants are initially adsorbed on the surface of the anode, where the anodic electron transfer reaction degrades them [6].
The Ti[O.sub.2]-NT arrays were prepared by two-electrode electrochemical anodic oxidation. Before the anodization, the pure titanium foil was ultrasonically washed for 10 minutes in acetone, absolute ethanol, and deionized water.
Metal profiles prefer surface treatments such as electroplating, which engages in the formation of metallic coating on surfaces and anodic oxidation for light metals such as titanium and aluminium.
Yue, "Anodic oxidation of dyes at novel Ti/B-diamond electrodes," Chemical Engineering Science, vol.
Conway, "Electrocatalysis in oscillatory kinetics of anodic oxidation of formic acid: At Pt; Nanogravimetry and voltammetry studies on the role of reactive surface oxide," Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol.