Summary: October 3,1987 -- French writer Anouilh
dies at 77
The major nineteenth and twentieth century European writers were also present: Henrik Ibsen, Anton Chekhov, Ivan Turgenev, Nikolai Gogol, Edmond Rostand, Luigi Pirandello, as well as the contemporary or recent writers who had begun to cross the Channel in the 1930s and immediately after the war--Fritz Hochwalder, Jean-Jacques Bernard, Jean Giraudoux, Jean Anouilh
and Jean Cocteau, and playwrights of an older generation, like Arthur Schnitzler and Karel and Josef Capek.
The late French playwright, Jean Anouilh
wrote perhaps his most famous play Antigone, during the Nazi occupation of France.
reworked and produced Antigone as a protest against the fascist regime in France, imposed by Hitler after his army occupied the country during the Second World War.
The play is a modern adaptation of the classic Greek tragedy, written by French dramatist Jean Anouilh
, a two-time Tony Award winner.
Pero Antigona sobrepasa los limites impuestos por el sexo; esta enclenque muchachita, casi una nina en la version de Anouilh
, hace lo que ningun hombre se atreve, lo que su hermana Ismena no concibe por su condicion de mujer.
Basta recorrer el indice analitico de La tradicion clasica de Gilbert Highet (2) para advertir que se extendio hasta la reinterpretacion del mito en el siglo veinte, con los ejemplos que se ocurren mas destacados, el Orfeo de Cocteau, la Euridice de Anouilh
, Die Sonettean Orpheus de Rilke.
XX con Anouilh
(Deppman) como el representante destacado y, por ultimo, la mencion de una puesta en escena de los fragmentos de Los Sabuesos (Marshall) The Trackers of Oxyrhynchus de 1988 y, posteriormente, una puesta de 1990 en el Teatro Nacional de Londres.
Asi se llevaron a escena obras de Guilherme Figueiredo, Joaquin Dicenta, Knut Hamsun, Pirandello, Garcia Lorca, Anouilh
, Tardieu, Eugene Labiche, Odets, Norman McKinnel, Christopher Fry, Brecht, Chejov, Hofmannsthal, Casona y entre los autores nacionales Romero Lozano, Alfonso Sastre y Oswaldo Diaz (Osorio).
Among those taking part is Kenilworth's Talisman Theatre, which will be performing The Orchestra by Jean Anouilh
, and the Priory Theatre, which will be presenting Lions and Donkeys by Steve Harper.
The only exception being the parodic inversion of Tenorio conceived by Valle-Inclan in the 'esperpento' Las galas del difunto (1926), a theatrical piece much more original and funnier than those [he is referring to plays by Dicenta, Marquina, Alvarez Quintero, Machado, Unamuno, Martinez Sierra, Grau, Ramon Sender, among others], and, in my opinion, far superior to other attempts by Spanish playwrights, and even to foreign versions as worthy as the ones penned by George Bernard Shaw, Edmond Rostand, Jean Anouilh
or Henri de Montherland (Sobejano, 1995: 300).
Taylor cites literary critic Murray Sachs who deftly points out that in the original myth Tiresias represented Creon's blindness but in his version, Anouilh
strives to emphasis that Creon is "completely lucid" (345).