Antarctic Treaty


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Antarctic Treaty

An international agreement (1959) to ensure the peaceful use of Antarctica and ban waste dumping and nuclear testing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Currently, preparatory work is underway for the IV Scientific Expedition "Almirante Tono" scheduled for the austral summer 2017-2018 on board the ship of the National Navy July 20, which is expected to develop 25 projects, with the participation of 29 researchers and 23 institutions, thus strengthening Colombia's position in the Antarctic Treaty System.
The Antarctic Treaty was signed in October the next year and ratified in 1961 by the twelve national agencies involved in Antarctica.
By contrast in Antarctica it is the Antarctic Treaty system that has greater impact.
Ultimately, both superpowers, along with several other states, conducted a series of negotiations that led to the creation of the 1959 Antarctic Treaty (Antonello 2013; Stokke and Vidas 1996).
This paper analyzes and evaluates the review process and NSC 5424/1 and, then, follows the decision making process up to NSC 5804/1 in 1958, which leads directly to the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 and current U.
The Antarctic Treaty has 50 signatory nations, including major powers the United States and China.
Other topics include marine scientific research in the Antarctic Treaty System, maritime security, interactions between global and regional regimes, and conservation of migratory species, seabirds, and marine mammals of the Arctic region.
The Antarctic region was made a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone (NWFZ) in 1959 as part of the Antarctic Treaty, which came into force in 1961.
The Antarctic Treaty, ratified in 1961, prohibits military exercises or claims to territorial sovereignty south of 60[degrees]S latitude.
Interestingly, the Antarctic Treaty prohibits, at present, terrestrial extraction in the Antarctic.
After two- and- a- half days on the Pacific waters, with giant- winged albatrosses for company, the young mariners found themselves learning the basics of surviving in Antarctica, about the Antarctic Treaty which comes up for renewal in 2041 and of the growing threat of climate change, from climatologists and polar experts.
Fewer accounts deal with the post-World War II period, including the early days of the Antarctic Treaty (1959 onwards) when nations with an interest in Antarctica were settling down to a new, more mundane, reality of maintaining bases on the continent and mapping and researching Antarctic land and sea.

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