antecedent

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an·te·ce·dent

 (ăn′tĭ-sēd′nt)
adj.
Going before; preceding.
n.
1. One that precedes another.
2.
a. A preceding occurrence, cause, or event. See Synonyms at cause.
b. antecedents The important events and occurrences in one's early life.
3. antecedents One's ancestors.
4. Grammar The word, phrase, or clause that determines what a pronoun refers to, as the children in The teacher asked the children where they were going.
5. Mathematics The first term of a ratio.
6. Logic The conditional member of a hypothetical proposition.

an′te·ce′dent·ly adv.

antecedent

(ˌæntɪˈsiːdənt)
n
1. an event, circumstance, etc, that happens before another
2. (Grammar) grammar a word or phrase to which a pronoun refers. In the sentence "People who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones," people is the antecedent of who
3. (Logic) logic the hypothetical clause, usually introduced by "if", in a conditional statement: that which implies the other
4. (Mathematics) maths an obsolescent name for numerator1
5. (Logic) denying the antecedent logic the fallacy of inferring the falsehood of the consequent of a conditional statement, given the truth of the conditional and the falsehood of its antecedent, as if there are five of them, there are more than four: there are not five, so there are not more than four
adj
preceding in time or order; prior

an•te•ced•ent

(ˌæn təˈsid nt)

adj.
1. preceding; prior: an antecedent event.
n.
2. a preceding circumstance, event, object, phenomenon, etc.; precursor.
3. antecedents,
a. ancestors.
b. the history, events, conditions, etc., of one's earlier life.
4. a word, phrase, or clause, usu. a substantive, that is replaced, usu. later, by a pronoun or other substitute, as Jane and glove in Jane lost a glove and she can't find it.
5. Math.
a. the first term of a ratio; the first or third term of a proportion.
b. the first of two vectors in a dyad.
6. the conditional element in a proposition introduced by “if.” Compare consequent (def. 5).
[1350–1400; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin antecēdent-, s. of antecēdēns, present participle of antecēdere to antecede]
an`te•ced′en•cy, adv.
an•te•ce•den•tal (ˌæn tə siˈdɛn tl) adj.
an`te•ced′ent•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antecedent - someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)antecedent - someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
ancestress - a woman ancestor
forbear, forebear - a person from whom you are descended
forefather, sire, father - the founder of a family; "keep the faith of our forefathers"
foremother - a woman ancestor
primogenitor, progenitor - an ancestor in the direct line
relative, relation - a person related by blood or marriage; "police are searching for relatives of the deceased"; "he has distant relations back in New Jersey"
2.antecedent - a preceding occurrence or cause or event
cause - events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something; "they are trying to determine the cause of the crash"
3.antecedent - anything that precedes something similar in time; "phrenology was an antecedent of modern neuroscience"
temporal relation - a relation involving time
4.antecedent - the referent of an anaphor; a phrase or clause that is referred to by an anaphoric pronoun
referent - something referred to; the object of a reference
Adj.1.antecedent - preceding in time or order
preceding - existing or coming before
subsequent - following in time or order; "subsequent developments"

antecedent

adjective
1. preceding, earlier, former, previous, prior, preliminary, foregoing, anterior, precursory They were allowed to take account of antecedent legislation.
preceding later, following, succeeding, subsequent, successive, ensuing, consequent, after, posterior
plural noun
2. past, history, background a series of conditions or antecedents which may have contributed to the situation

antecedent

adjectivenoun
1. One that precedes, as in time:
2. That which produces an effect:
3. A person from whom one is descended:
Archaic: predecessor.
Translations

antecedent

[ˌæntɪˈsiːdənt]
A. Nantecedente m antecedents (= past history) → antecedentes mpl; (= ancestors) → antepasados mpl
B. ADJprecedente, que precede (to a)

antecedent

[ˌæntiˈsiːdənt] nantécédent m

antecedent

adjfrüher; the crisis and its antecedent eventsdie Krise und die ihr vorangehenden or vorausgehenden Ereignisse; to be antecedent to somethingeiner Sache (dat)voran- or vorausgehen
n
antecedents (of person, = past history) → Vorleben nt; (= ancestry)Abstammung f; (of event)Vorgeschichte f
(Gram) → Bezugswort nt

antecedent

[ˌæntɪˈsiːdnt] nantecedente m, precedente m antecedents npl (past history) → antecedenti, precedenti; (ancestors) → antenati mpl
References in classic literature ?
The Antecedent Action is that part of the characters' experiences which precedes the events of the story.
Fortinbras is also the name of the former king of Norway and father of the crown prince Fortinbras who was slain in the play's antecedent action in a battle with Hamlet.
Other data analysis strategies include seeking antecedent actions (what happens before the phenomenon) and consequential actions (what happens after the phenomenon).