toxin

(redirected from Anthrax toxin)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

tox·in

 (tŏk′sĭn)
n.
1. A poisonous substance, especially a protein, that is produced by living cells or organisms and is capable of causing disease when introduced into the body tissues but is often also capable of inducing neutralizing antibodies or antitoxins.
2. A poisonous or harmful nonbiological substance, such as a pollutant.

toxin

(ˈtɒksɪn)
n
1. (Pathology) any of various poisonous substances produced by microorganisms that stimulate the production of neutralizing substances (antitoxins) in the body. See also endotoxin, exotoxin
2. (Biology) any other poisonous substance of plant or animal origin

tox•in

(ˈtɒk sɪn)

n.
any poison produced by an organism, including the bacterial toxins that are the causative agents of tetanus, diphtheria, etc., and such plant and animal toxins as ricin and snake venom.
[1885–90; tox (ic) + -in1]
syn: See poison.

tox·in

(tŏk′sĭn)
A poisonous substance produced by a living organism. Toxins can be products of ordinary metabolism (such as lactic acid), can be produced to kill or immobilize prey (such as the toxins in snake venom), or can be produced for self-defense (such as the cyanide produced by several plants). Toxins produced by bacteria cause disease.

toxin

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal speciestoxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
ricin, ricin toxin - a toxic protein extracted from castor beans; used as a chemical reagent; can be used as a bioweapon; "one milligram of ricin can kill an adult"
poison, poisonous substance, toxicant - any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism
animal toxin, zootoxin - a toxin resembling bacterial toxins in its antigenic properties that is found in the fluids of certain animals
bacterial toxin - any endotoxin or exotoxin formed in or elaborated by bacterial cells
cytotoxin - any substance that has a toxic effect on cells
endotoxin - a toxin that is confined inside the microorganisms and is released only when the microorganisms are broken down or die
exotoxin - a toxin that is secreted by microorganisms into the surrounding medium
hepatotoxin - any toxin that affects the liver
nephrotoxin - any toxin that affects the kidneys
neurolysin, neurotoxin - any toxin that affects neural tissues
phytotoxin, plant toxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin

toxin

noun poison, venom Tests showed increased levels of toxins in fish.

toxin

noun
Anything that is injurious, destructive, or fatal:
Translations
méreg
toxin

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] Ntoxina f

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntoxine f

toxin

nGiftstoff m, → Toxin nt

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntossina

tox·in

n. toxina, veneno, sustancia nociva de origen animal o vegetal;
bacterial ______ bacteriana.

toxin

n toxina
References in periodicals archive ?
The tripartite anthrax toxin consists of PA --protective antigen, EF--edema factor and LF--lethal factor subunits.
That is the immune system, which responds to anthrax toxin proteins with antibodies that neutralise the anthrax protein.
It is a monoclonal antibody that binds to the protective antigen component of anthrax toxin.
Anthrax toxin, from the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, brings to mind envelopes of scary white powder.
Anthrax toxin lethal factor contains a zinc metalloprotease consensus sequence which is required for lethal toxin activity.
Using two types of laboratory mice-those missing the anthrax toxin receptor on a single type of cell or those having the receptor present on a single type of cell-the scientists compared disease progression among the rodents.
Our case (1) of rapidly progressive, fatal pneumonia caused by a strain of Bacillus cereus containing genes encoding anthrax toxin and other virulence factors has many similarities to those reported in the Sverdlovsk series.
US authorities have been on alert for such letters since 2001, when envelopes laced with the anthrax toxin were sent to media outlets and to US politicians, killing five people.
Development of antibodies to protective antigen and lethal factor components of anthrax toxin in humans and guinea pigs and their relevance to protective immunity.
Anthim is a high-affinity monoclonal antibody, targeting the anthrax toxin Protective Antigen.
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (Madison, WI) and Harvard College (Cambridge, MA) have patented mammalian anthrax toxin receptor polypeptides and polynucleotides encoding same as well as related polypeptides and polynucleotides, vectors containing the polynucleotides and polypeptides, host cells containing related polynucleotide molecules, and cells displaying no anthrax toxin receptor on an exterior surface of the cells-minus cell lines and animals.
The immunized mice were sent to the NIAID, where they underwent anthrax toxin challenge.