anticonvulsant


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Related to anticonvulsant: Anticonvulsant Drugs

an·ti·con·vul·sant

 (ăn′tē-kən-vŭl′sənt, ăn′tī-)
n.
A drug that prevents or relieves convulsions.

an′ti·con·vul′sive (-sĭv) adj.

anticonvulsant

(ˌæntɪkənˈvʌlsənt)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a class of drugs used to prevent or abolish convulsions
adj
(Pharmacology) of or relating to this class of drugs

an•ti•con•vul•sant

(ˌæn ti kənˈvʌl sənt, ˌæn taɪ-)
adj.
1. used to control or prevent convulsions.
n.
2. an anticonvulsant drug or substance.
[1940–45]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.anticonvulsant - a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)anticonvulsant - a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
Emeside, ethosuximide, Zarontin - an anticonvulsant drug (trade names Emeside and Zarontin) used to treat petit mal epilepsy
gabapentin, Neurontin - an anticonvulsant (trade name Neurontin) used to control some types of seizures in the treatment of epilepsy; also used to manage neuralgia caused by shingles
hydantoin - any of a group of anticonvulsant drugs used in treating epilepsy
medicament, medication, medicinal drug, medicine - (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
mephenytoin, Mesantoin - a toxic anticonvulsant drug (trade name Mesantoin) used in the treatment of epilepsy when less toxic anticonvulsants have been ineffective
Mebaral, mephobarbital - a long-acting crystalline barbiturate (trade name Mebaral) used as a sedative and as an anticonvulsant in the treatment of epilepsy
Gemonil, metharbital - anticonvulsant drug (trade name Gemonil) used in the treatment of epilepsy
Milontin, phensuximide - anticonvulsant (trade name Milontin) used to treat petit mal
Mysoline, primidone - an anticonvulsant (trade name Mysoline) used to treat grand mal seizures and essential tremor
Depokene, valproic acid - anticonvulsant (trade name Depokene) used to prevent some kinds of seizures
Translations

an·ti·con·vul·sant

n. anticonvulsivo, medicamento usado en la prevención de convulsiones o ataques.

anticonvulsant

adj & n antiepiléptico, anticonvulsivante m
References in periodicals archive ?
In a second adjusted analysis that divided anticonvulsant drug use into agents that block sodium channels and those that don't, the sudden death cases were 2.
However, there are several important questions that have not yet been definitively answered: What are the comparative risks of specific anticonvulsants, does lowering the dose decrease the risk, does periconceptional folic acid supplementation modify anticonvulsant-attributable risk, does the same risk apply to anticonvulsant medications when used to treat psychiatric disorders, and what are the long-term consequences such as cognitive deficits in children with prenatal exposure?
Eighty-nine percent of the children had intractable epilepsy and were using at least three anticonvulsant drugs.
6%) were treated with an anticonvulsant only, and 2,924 (49%) patients were treated with both lithium and an anticonvulsant.
Cymbopogon winterianus (Poaceae) is used for its analgesic, anxiolytic and anticonvulsant properties in Brazilian folk medicine.
Despite evidence suggesting that prophylactic continuous or intermittent anticonvulsant therapy can reduce the risk of recurrent simple febrile seizures in children, the potential toxicities of such treatment outweigh the relatively minor risks associated with the common childhood seizure disorder, according to a new clinical practice guideline issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Lamotrigine and other antiepileptics (Table 1) (8) have been associated with morbilliform eruptions, anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome, erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), a severe form of SJS with a 20% to 30% mortality rate.
Aims and Objectives: The objective was to evaluate the anticonvulsant effect of ethanolic extract of leaves of OS and to compare the anticonvulsant effect with the standard sodium valproate in electrically and chemically induced epileptic animal models.
Purpose: To evaluate demographic characteristics, clinical signs and symptoms, treatment methods and clinical outcomes of anticonvulsant exposures in cases who were admitted to the Department of Emergency Medicine of in Dokuz Eylul University Hospital (DEUH) between 2000 and 2010 and reported to the Dokuz Eylul University Drug and Poison Information Center (DEUDPIC).
Seventy children (aged 4-12 years) with epilepsy resistant to anticonvulsant medication were randomly assigned to receive, in single-blind fashion, 1200 mg per day of fish oil (providing 360 mg of eicosapentaenoic acid and 240 mg of docosahexaenoic acid) or placebo (corn oil) for 3 months, while continuing their medication.
3) Thus, the extract and essential oil of plants are an excellent source for finding new anticonvulsant drugs with higher activity and/or lower toxicity and for developing complementary remedy for epilepsy.
DEFENDANTS' defense The mother received at least two warnings from her physician regarding the potential risks of anticonvulsant and antiepileptic drugs and the importance of not becoming pregnant while taking the medications.