Russian poet Mikhail Lermontov lived in Gusar for a while after he was exiled to the Caucasus in 1837 for antimonarchic
speeches and freedom-loving.
He provides possible rationales for aniconism (not representing the deity as an image) as grounded in the nature of YHWH, in problems with images, and in antimonarchic
The Casablanca rioters shouted antimonarchic
slogans, nearly unprecedented for Morocco, and created an atmosphere of uncertainty about the kingdom's stability that lasted for several years.
stance renders Justice and Charity an unlicensed organization.
These blends pose a challenge to the Hashemites, who have managed to construct a modernist image that plays well in the metropole, all the while accentuating patriarchal themes at home, thereby insuring that political modernity -- especiall y in the antimonarchic
form of "popular sovereignty" -- is kept safely in check.
Yet, Gerson's conciliarism conforms less to the typology of antimonarchic
institutional and civic republicanism offered by Black than to the organic Christian republicanism I describe.