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A Seleucid dynasty ruling in Syria (280-64 bc). Its most important member was Antiochus III, known as "the Great" (242-187, ruled 223-187), who conquered much of Asia Minor but was defeated by the Romans in 190.
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(ænˈtaɪ ə kəs)
1. Antiochus III, ( “the Great” ) 241?–187 B.C., king of Syria 223–187.
2. Antiochus IV, (Antiochus Epiphanes) died 164? B.C., king of Syria 175–164?.
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References in classic literature ?
ANTIOCHUS EPIPHANES is very generally looked upon as the Gog of the prophet Ezekiel.
Remember that thou art Antiochus Epiphanes. Antiochus the Illustrious!
The Hellenizers of the Near East, especially the Seleucid ruler Antiochus Epiphanes, conducted a violent persecution of the Jews, outlawing the Jewish faith and attempting to force, among other things, the worship of Zeus.
The temple was totally Hellenized, i.e., turned into a heathen idol-temple, by Antiochus Epiphanes in 167 BCE.
Researchers have long debated over the location of the Acra, built more than 2,000 years ago by Antiochus Epiphanes, king of the Hellenized Seleucid empire.
To understand this complex conflict, bear in mind that the king, Antiochus Epiphanes, although undoubtedly a tyrant, was significantly less tyrannical than were his zealous foes.
Those who assign this text to a second-century prophet believe that he was describing the sorrows heaped upon the Judahites by Antiochus Epiphanes IV.
The Old Testament books describe the 175-164 BCE Jewish rebellion when the Seleucid ruler Antiochus Epiphanes destroyed the temple and tried to assimilate the Jews by force.
(93.) Stauffer suggests that the attitude of Gelassenheit "may be traced far back to the ideals of the chassidic martyrs in the times of Antiochus Epiphanes IV (c.
In this context Josephus begins narrating the revolt of Mattathias the Maccabee (12.265)- The conflicts concerning ethnic relationships, boundaries, inclusion and exclusion narrated in Luke-Acts are four centuries old, dating back at least to Alexander the Great; then Antiochus Epiphanes reignited these cultural/religious tensions.
Scholars agree that most of it was written in the early second century BC, during the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes, who outlawed Judaism and defiled the Temple with a golden image of himself (the miracles attending the rededication of the Temple give us the Jewish festival of Hanukkah).
The Emperor Antiochus Epiphanes tried to force all his peoples to worship the Greek god Zeus.