They discuss the urban history of the city, including its archaeology, its administration and extramural residence and industry, the roofing of homes, the architectural context of the Antiochus III
inscriptions, religious life, and the city plan; the relationship of the city to its hinterland, including the Lydian countryside, the context of the geopolitical triangle of western Asia Minor, Athens, and Gordion; and key bodies of archaeological evidence.
Moreover, amid all the differences, some general rules may be determined, such as: profound changes in the satrapal system under Antiochus III
, or "The Great" as he had legitimate reason to prefer, had extended the reach of his empire from the Aegean in the West as far East as the frontier of modem Afghanistan and into India.
"The fact that, in 205BC, King Antiochus III
stopped at Tylos on his way to Gerrha, a place in Saudi Arabia, is also considered evidence of the presence of the naval base."
Some tools discovered from the ancient town were limestone, basalt milling and grinding tools used for domestic purposes, wine and oil storage jars and more than 60 coins, including those from the reigns of Hasmonean King Alexander Jannaeus and Seleucid King Antiochus III
Gerizim and Samaria between Antiochus III
and Antiochus IV Epiphanes.
Additionally, the newly emerging symploke of the region and the fact that Egypt, Pergamum, and Rhodes were hot strong enough to challenge the imperial ambitions of Philip V or Antiochus III
clarifies why Greeks asked for Roman help.
Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalogue 1: Seleucus I through Antiochus III
, New York.
He was the ancestor of a man called Kidin-Ani, a contemporary of the kings Seleucus I and Antiochus I (305-260), who brought back from Elam a tablet containing the rituals to be carried out by the priests, exorcists, professional mourners, singers and theologians in the temples of Uruk, a tablet which Nabopolassar (625-605), the king of Babylon, had stolen some time before, and which a certain Shamash-etir, a member of the same family, and himself the son and grandson of a scribe, had copied during the reign of Antiochus III
A century-and-a-half later, Judea was occupied first by the Ptolemaic western empire, religious autonomy continuing, and then by King Antiochus III
's Seleucid empire.
ruled for thirty-six years, Seleucus I for twenty-four, and Seleucus II and Antiochus II another thirty-five years between them.