Antipater


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

An·tip·a·ter

 (ăn-tĭp′ə-tər) 398?-319 bc.
Macedonian general and regent (334-323) who governed the empire during Alexander the Great's military campaigns. He served again as regent in 321 to 319.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Antipater

(ænˈtɪpətə)
n
(Biography) ?398–319 bc, Macedonian general under Alexander the Great: regent of Macedon (334–323)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

An•tip•a•ter

(ænˈtɪp ə tər)

n.
398?–319 B.C., Macedonian statesman and general: regent of Macedonia 334–323.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
What raised Antipater the Edomite, And his son Herod placed on Juda's throne, Thy throne, but gold, that got him puissant friends?
His rivals, in fact, were the previous republican annalists--of whom, unfortunately, we can only judge by their fragments such as Cincius Alimentus, Coelius Antipater or Cassius Hemina from the older generation and Claudius Quadrigarius (a major source from Livy's Book 6 onwards), Valerius Antias (frequently criticised for his exaggerations), Sempronius Asellio, Cornelius Sisenna or Licinius Macer.
Chrysippus thinks that it is a matter of living "according to experience of the things which happen by nature." Diogenes takes it to mean that one should be "reasonable in the selection and rejection of natural things," Archedemus glosses it as "to live completing all the appropriate acts," and Antipater notes that it is best understood as "invariably and unswervingly to do everything in one's power for the attainment of the principal natural things." (26) All of this is just another way of saying that, as Seneca puts it, what is best in us is our reason, "which when right and perfect makes the full sum of human happiness." (27) Only when such reason is perfected can it truly be said that we have attained that which is within our power: the perfect reason that the Stoic calls virtue.
Other examples include from the Fletcher canon The Maid's Tragedy (1610), 1.71 and Four Plays in One (1612), 10.306, 353; Gervase Markham and William Sampson, Herod and Antipater (London, 1622: STC: 17401), L4r (glossed as 'Whence came that deadly groane'); Sir William Davenant, The Cruel Brother (1627), in The Dramatic Works of William Davenant, James Maidment and W.H.
(7.) This episode, concerning an unnamed Gallus and a lion, appears in the Greek Anthology (Simonides 6.217; Alcaeus 6.218; Antipater 6.219; Dioscorides 6.220 in Paton 1916, 410-414).
The universe, in this way, then, taken as a whole is a living being and ensouled and rational, it has the aether as its command-centre, as Antipater of Tyre says in On Universe, Bk 8.
Of course, the main reason you should experience the pyramids atop your very own "ship of the desert" is because it is the way man has done so since the enigmatic monuments were first built - gently swaying atop a dromedary as the Sphinx comes into view is exactly how Antipater of Sidon and Philo of Byzantium would have first set eyes upon this magical Pharaonic graveyard, before instantly putting it on their list of the Seven Wonders of the World.
Plato's Anacreon is "divinely inspired more by poetry than wine"; Antipater's Anacreon "delight[s] in the loud-voiced revels of Dionysus." As a symposium reveler or komast, Anacreon participates in the "ambiguity" of the "arch-komast Dionysius": a figure both "oriental and Greek, male and feminized, drunk yet deadly sober in Euripides' Bacchae." (13) The opening anarchic revelry by leering Cyclops and "Naiads, like Bacchantes," in "Wine of Cyprus" captures some of these contradictions: possibly because the Bacchae--among the Greek works EBB read with Boyd in 1831-1832--was on her mind again in 1842, given a "newly discovered scene" from the play (BC 5: 256, 284-285, 290).
Five days before Herod's death, Herod had another one of his sons, Antipater, killed.
In Herod and Antipater, two figures (in bold) dominate the action: